Now showing items 1-20 of 15103

    • Maid of the Mist, n.d.

      A photograph of the Maid of the Mist boat in the Niagara River. There are three men at the front of the boat and a few others can be seen throughout the vessel. In the background is the steel arch bridge (Falls View bridge).
    • City of Buffalo Passenger Ship, n.d.

      A photograph of the City of Buffalo passenger ship docked. There are several cars parked at the side of the docking area and many people at the back of the ship.
    • Group at Erie Beach, Port Colborne, 1890

      A photograph in a cardboard frame of a group of people by the water at Erie Beach (now Nickel Beach), Port Colborne. There are a couple of ladies standing in the sand and a few others are in the water. One young girl is standing on a rock by the water's edge.
    • Lifestyle factors and neuroimaging metrics as predictors of cognitive performance in healthy aging

      Guardia de Souza e Silva, Tiago; Department of Psychology
      Despite all the advances made in health-related and psychological sciences, advancing age continues to be accompanied by cognitive decline. Aging is usually associated with major changes in the structure and functioning of the brain that lead to impairments in multiple cognitive functions. The trajectories of age-related effects on the brain and cognition exhibit considerable differences across cognitive domains and across individuals, and investigating approaches and factors that might prevent brain and cognitive decline during aging is considered a topic of great scientific and public health relevance. The overall goal of this thesis was to evaluate age-related differences in brain structure and functional connectivity to further our understanding of the neural mechanisms involved in age-related declines in cognition. This thesis also aimed to investigate the influence of lifestyle factors on age differences in cognition, and in that regard, I focused on the effects of sleep quality and physical activity on memory. In Study 1, I assessed the impact of aging on grey matter volume of the medial temporal lobe MTL and prefrontal cortex PFC and compared the relative contributions of MTL and PFC structures to age differences in associative memory. My findings emphasize the critical role of the frontal lobes, and the control processes they subserve, in determining the detrimental effects of age on memory. Additionally, I observed that the relationship between frontal grey matter volume and memory was not moderated by age or sex, suggesting that greater volume in PFC structures relates to better memory performance across the lifespan and in both sexes. In Study 2, I assessed the effects of age on functional brain networks. Given the essential role of the arousal system (ARAS) in cortical activation and previous findings of disrupted ARAS functioning with age, I investigated the hypothesis that age-related changes in ARAS-cortical functional connectivity may contribute to commonly observed age-related differences in cortical connectivity. The findings of this study showed that the arousal system is functionally connected to widespread cortical regions and suggest that age differences in functional connectivity within the cortex may be driven by age-related changes in the brainstem and these altered connectivity patterns have important implications for cognitive health. In Study 3, I investigated the relationship between sleep quality, physical activity, and memory in middle-age and older adults, in addition to assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on participants’ mood and sleep quality. Our results showed that people who were more active reported better sleep quality and showed better memory, and better sleep quality was associated with better memory. Moreover, our findings also showed that some of the beneficial effects of physical activity on cognition are partially mediated by improved sleep. Additionally, this study indicated that the COVID-19 pandemic had a deleterious effect on people’s sleep quality and overall well-being. Taken together, these studies suggest that aging is associated with disruptive effects on brain structure and function, and that these changes are associated with age-related cognitive decline. Additionally, our study supported the association between lifestyle factors, more specifically, sleep quality and physical activity, and cognitive performance during aging.
    • Are We There Yet? An Examination of the Effectiveness of Individual Support Plans in Promoting the Human Rights and Quality of Life for Persons with Intellectual and/or Developmental Disabilities

      Bishop, Courtney; Department of Child and Youth Studies
      Individual Support Plans (ISP) play a significant role in ensuring that the value-based disability-related goals of international and provincial legislation are brought to fruition—mainly with a focus on promoting Human Rights and improving quality of life (QOL) outcomes. The ISP is a living document that, through person-centered planning practices, guides the day-to-day supports provided to persons labelled with an intellectual and/or development disability (PLWIDD). Literature has demonstrated that ISPs are most effective when there is an alignment between an individual’s identified needs and wants, clearly defined goals with matched support strategies, and measurement tools to monitor and evaluate individual and team progress towards goal attainment. Further, ISPs are more likely to demonstrate improved QOL outcomes when the goals capture and promote the following QOL domains: self-determination, personal development, interpersonal relationships, social inclusion, rights, and physical, emotional, and material well-being. This project aimed to promote improved QOL outcomes for PLWIDD supported by Community Living Haldimand, through a collaborative examination of their current ISP framework and processes. The goal of this project was to provide recommendations for a new ISP framework that was shaped by current research on effective and efficient ISPs, and authentically founded in the expressed concerns and recommendations of those who are responsible for developing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating the effectiveness of the ISP. A document analysis of 9 completed ISPs identified the alignment across the components of an effective ISP and the number and types of QOL domains that were or were not present. A Nominal Group Technique (NGT) and focus group participation from Coordinators and Supervisors assisted in capturing the culturally sensitive language surrounding QOL and the ISP process. Recommendations for the new ISP framework included the use of culturally sensitive language and recommendations from Coordinators and Supervisors, including staff support and training in identified areas of concern such as, how to identify needs and wants of persons they support and how to define ISP goals. The methods used in this study may assist other organizations in the evaluation and improvement of their ISP process.
    • Erie Beach Bathing in Port Colborne, Ontario, 1890

      A photograph of a group bathing in the water at Erie Beach (now Nickel Beach) in Port Colborne, Ontario. There are several children in the water and two women are in a small boat.
    • Excursion Boat The Pearl, 1895

      A photograph of the excursion boat the Pearl. The boat would travel between Port Colborne, Ontario and Buffalo, New York every Friday. There are several people on the boat and many more waiting to board the vessel.
    • The Boat Hector in Port Colborne, Ontario, n.d.

      Carter, Dewitt (n.d.)
      A photograph of the boat the Hector sitting in the water in Port Colborne, Ontario. The owner/photographer of the boat is Dewitt Carter.
    • SS South American Great Lakes Cruise Ship, n.d.

      A photograph of the SS South American Great Lakes cruise ship as it sits in Port Colborne, Ontario.
    • Tugboat James Norris and Barge Margaret Jane, 1900

      A photograph of the tugboat James Norris pulling the Margaret Jane barge loaded with wheat as it passes through the Welland Ship Canal in Port Colborne, Ontario.
    • Lemoyne Ship in Port Colborne, Ontario, n.d.

      A photograph of the Lemoyne ship as it passes under both lift bridges (20 and 21) in Port Colborne, Ontario.
    • Sir Thomas Shaughnessy Ship Unloading at Canadian Furnace Co., n.d.

      A photograph of the Sir Thomas Shaugnessy shipping vessel as it unloads at the Canadian Furnace Co. in Port Colborne, Ontario.
    • Hogan's Dredge in Port Colborne, Ontario, n.d.

      A photograph of the vessel Hogan's Dredge in the water at Port Colborne, Ontario.
    • LB Forester in Port Colborne, n.d.

      A photograph of the ship the L.B. Forester in Port Colborne, Ontario. There are five men on the boat and a few small buildings can be seen behind the ship on the edge of the harbour.
    • Old Town Hall - Port Colborne, Ontario, n.d.

      A photograph of the old Town Hall on Charlotte Street in Port Colborne, Ontario. Half of the roof has been removed and three men are standing on scaffolding as they work on the building.
    • Town Hall and Park - Port Colborne, Ontario, n.d.

      A photograph of the back of the Town Hall building in Port Colborne, Ontario. The Town Hall backs onto a park with several trees and shrubs.
    • Construction of Grace Church in Port Colborne, Ontario, 1925

      A photograph in a cardboard frame of the construction of Grace Church in Port Colborne, Ontario. Several feet of bricks have already been placed and several more sit in front of the building. There is one worker standing beside some of the construction materials.
    • Dominion Brassworks Limited in Port Colborne, Ontario, n.d.

      A photograph of the Dominion Brassworks Limited building in Port Colborne, Ontario. There is a group standing beside the building and some people can be seen looking out of the windows.
    • Orangemen's Parade in Port Colborne, ca 1900

      ca 1900
      A photograph of the Orangemen on parade in Port Colborne, Ontario. There are many men marching down the street, dressed in white, as they pass a drug store with a coca cola advertisement painted on the side of the building.
    • Haynes Shoe Store in Port Colborne, Ontario, December 1937

      A photograph of the Haynes Shoe Store and Kanold Block in Port Colborne, Ontario. The street and buildings are covered in snow following a major snowstorm in December of 1937.