• Niagara Falls (Image from Eastern District of Pennsylvania Clerks Office)

      Langenheim, F. (1854)
      The caption below reads "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1854 by F. Langenheim in the Clerks office of the district Court for the Eastern district of Pennsylvania".
    • Table Rock in 1862

      Barker, Geo. (1862)
      The card reads "Table Rock in 1862 - Niagara. On Line of Canada Southern R.R."
    • Dixon crossing Niagara

      Underwood & Underwood; Barker, George (1895)
      The description reads "(15) Dixon crossing Niagara below the Great Cantilever Bridge, U.S.A.".
    • Rapids Above the Falls Looking at Goat Island, Niagara, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The description reads "(14) The rolling, tumbling "Rapids" above the Falls - along Riverside Drive, looking toward Goat Island, - Niagara, U.S.A.".
    • Water Below the Falls, NIagara, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The description of the image reads "(16) Looking at the tumbling, foaming waters, below the Falls, Niagara, U.S.A."
    • Whirlpool and River View from Canadian side, Niagara

      1901
      The description of the image reads "(18) Looking over the 'Whirlpool' and down the River - from Canadian side - Niagara, U.S.A."
    • Maid of the Mist, Niagara, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The description of the image is "(6) Majestically Grand - the Falls from the 'Maid of the Mist,' Niagara, U.S.A.". The reverse of the image reads "You are on the deck of the small but sturdy little steamer that runs along near the foot of the falls. At this moment you are pretty nearly mid-stream, looking south. The American shore are up over your left shoulder. That tall, dark cliff at the extreme left of what you see is Goat Island. The people up there outlined against the sky look like dolls and no wonder; they are more than 160 feet above your head. Some of them are looking off over the unspeakable grandeurs of the Horseshoe Fall there at the right; some are without doubt looking down at the very boat and remarking that the passengers look like dolls. It is an awesome experience to go so near that never-ceasing downpour of waters from the sky. The air is full of the roar and iridescent spray, and it seems as if the boat must be drawn in under the overwhelming floods never to rise again. Yet, curiously enough, the river right around the boat is not so madly excited as you might expect. It seems more like some great creature, dazed, bewildered, stunned by some incredible experience and not yet quite aware of what has happened. (When it gets down into the Whirlpool Rapids, two miles below here, it is dramatically alive to its situation!) The gigantic curve of the cliffs, reaching in up-stream straight ahead, makes a contour line of over 3000 feet before it comes up against the Canadian banks on the west (right). Geologists say that the Falls ages ago must have been at least seven miles farther down the river (behind you) and have gradually won their way back. Even now the curve of the Horseshoe is worn away from two to four feet in a year. No wonder; 12, 000, 000 cubic feet of water (about 375, 000 tons) sweep over the rocks in one minute, and the same the next minute and the next and the next. See Niagara through the Stereoscope, with special maps locating all the landmarks about the Falls.
    • Horseshoe Falls from Above, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The description reads "(39) Tireless Niagara - Horseshoe Falls from above - U.S.A.". The reverse states "We are standing on the Canadian side of the river, looking S.E. across the enormous curve of the Horseshoe toward the Dufferin Islands on the Canadian side. 'This is close enough. The time will come undoubtedly when no man can reach this point, when the rocks on which we stand will break and crash into the gulf above which they hang. Table Rock one of the best known points about Niagara in the past, used to extend out over the river from the bank just behind us. It was originally very large but great masses, sometimes a hundred feet in length by fifty in width, have broken off at different periods, the last in 1883, until the whole rock is gone. Off to our left is the centre of the Horseshoe. It is easy to see that in that direction the water is going over in a solid mass, thousands of tons each second, to the river 150 feet below. While the amount of water passing over these rocks varies somewhat according to the height of the river. It has been estimated that the average amount is 12,000,000 cubic feet per minute, that is, about 375,000 tons...Since 1842 the whole contour of these falls has been worn away at the rate of about 2 1/10 ft. per year. In the centre of the Horseshoe where the bulk of the water passes, nearly five feet of rock are worn away each year. The falls have receded 100 feet within the memory of the men now living.' From Niagara Through the Stereoscope, with special 'keyed' maps, published by Underwood & Underwood"
    • Niagara Guide looking into Cave of the Winds - Niagara Falls, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The description reads "(10) An old Niagara Guide - looking into the awe-inspiring Cave of the Winds - Niagara Falls, U.S.A.".
    • Prospect Point Crowd, Niagara, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The description of the image reads "(2) Admiring Tourists viewing the Falls, from Prospect Point, Niagara, U.S.A."
    • Maid of the Mist, Niagara Falls, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The image is described as "(5) 'Maid of the Mist' - Nymph of the mighty cataract, Niagara Falls, U.S.A.".
    • American Falls, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The description of the image is "(4) Majestic Niagara, rolling in ceaseless roar - American Falls from below - U.S.A.". The reverse of the image reads "Majestically Grand - the Falls, from the "Maid of the Mist," Niagara, U.S.A."
    • Niagara Falls, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The image is described as "(8) Nature's Everlasting Smile, Niagara Falls, U.S.A."
    • Prospect Point, Niagara, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1901)
      The description of the image reads "(3) Looking down over the high preciptous Bluff at Prospect Point, Niagara, U.S.A."
    • Niagara from the distant Tower, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1902)
      The image is described as "(7) Niagara and its great cloud of rising Spray - from the distant tower, U.S.A.".
    • Below Horseshoe Falls, Niagara Falls, N.Y.

      White, H.C. (1902)
      The description of the image reads "364 Below the Horseshoe Falls in Winter, Niagara Falls, N.Y."
    • American and Luna Falls, and River, from Goat Island, Niagara, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1902)
      The image is described as "(9) Marble whiteness of the seething Waters-American and Luna Falls, and River from Goat Island, Niagara, U.S.A."
    • American Falls from Canadian side, Niagara, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1902)
      The description reads "(12) American Falls from the Canadian side, Niagara, U.S.A."
    • Steel Bridge View

      Underwood & Underwood (1902)
      The description reads "(1) General view of the Falls from the New Steel Bridge - 'Maid of the Mist' at landing - Niagara, U.S.A.". The reverse reads similar "General view from Suspension Bridge, Niagara Falls, U.S.A.".
    • Rock of Ages, Niagara, U.S.A.

      Underwood & Underwood (1902)
      The description reads "(11) American Falls and "Rock of Ages" - Niagara, U.S.A."