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dc.contributor.authorFarrell, Ann
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-18T17:25:43Z
dc.date.available2014-08-18T17:25:43Z
dc.date.issued2014-08-18
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/5602
dc.description.abstractEvidence exists for subtypes of bullying, but there is a lack of studies simultaneously investigating the factors that influence each subtype. The purpose of my thesis was to investigate how individual and environmental factors independently and interactively predict physical, verbal, social, racial, and sexual bullying using an evolutionary ecological framework. Adolescents (N = 225, M = 14.05, SD = 1.54) completed self-reports on demographics, HEXACO personality, Rothbart’s temperament, parenting, friendship quality, school connectedness, and socio-economic status. Subtypes were predicted by low Honesty-Humility in addition to other personality and demographic factors with the exception of physical bullying, which was predicted by environmental factors. Results suggest adolescents adaptively and selectively use bullying to exploit victims and obtain resources, although the subtype used may depend on individual factors bullies possess within Bronfenbrenner’s microsystem, instead of the meso- and exo- systems. Anti-bullying efforts should target these factors and reinforce alternative strategies to obtain resources.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBrock Universityen_US
dc.subjectbullyingen_US
dc.subjectsubtypesen_US
dc.subjectadolescentsen_US
dc.subjectecologyen_US
dc.subjectevolutionen_US
dc.titlePredicting Physical, Verbal, Social, Racial, and Sexual Bullying with Individual and Environmental Factors from an Evolutionary Ecological Frameworken_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.degree.nameM.A. Child and Youth Studiesen_US
dc.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Child and Youth Studiesen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.embargo.termsNoneen_US
refterms.dateFOA2021-08-04T02:54:49Z


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