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dc.contributor.authorPrzedborski, Michelle
dc.date.accessioned2013-09-12T13:09:27Z
dc.date.available2013-09-12T13:09:27Z
dc.date.issued2013-09-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/4987
dc.description.abstractIn this work, we consider the properties of planar topological defects in unconventional superconductors. Specifically, we calculate microscopically the interaction energy of domain walls separating degenerate ground states in a chiral p-wave fermionic superfluid. The interaction is mediated by the quasiparticles experiencing Andreev scattering at the domain walls. As a by-product, we derive a useful general expression for the free energy of an arbitrary nonuniform texture of the order parameter in terms of the quasiparticle scattering matrix. The thesis is structured as follows. We begin with a historical review of the theories of superconductivity (Sec. 1.1), which led the way to the celebrated Bardeen-Cooper- Schrieffer (BCS) theory (Sec. 1.3). Then we proceed to the treatment of superconductors with so-called "unconventional pairing" in Sec. 1.4, and in Sec. 1.5 we introduce the specific case of chiral p-wave superconductivity. After introducing in Sec. 2 the domain wall (DW) model that will be considered throughout the work, we derive the Bogoliubov-de Gennes (BdG) equations in Sec. 3.1, which determine the quasiparticle excitation spectrum for a nonuniform superconductor. In this work, we use the semiclassical (Andreev) approximation, and solve the Andreev equations (which are a particular case of the BdG equations) in Sec. 4 to determine the quasiparticle spectrum for both the single- and two-DW textures. The Andreev equations are derived in Sec. 3.2, and the formal properties of the Andreev scattering coefficients are discussed in the following subsection. In Sec. 5, we use the transfer matrix method to relate the interaction energy of the DWs to the scattering matrix of the Bogoliubov quasiparticles. This facilitates the derivation of an analytical expression for the interaction energy between the two DWs in Sec. 5.3. Finally, to illustrate the general applicability our method, we apply it in Sec. 6 to the interaction between phase solitons in a two-band s-wave superconductor.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBrock Universityen_US
dc.subjectchiral p-waveen_US
dc.subjectunconventional superconductivityen_US
dc.subjecttopological defectsen_US
dc.subjectdomain wallsen_US
dc.subjectphase solitonsen_US
dc.titlePlanar Topological Defects in Unconventional Superconductorsen_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.degree.nameM.Sc. Physicsen_US
dc.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Physicsen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Mathematics and Scienceen_US
dc.embargo.termsNoneen_US
refterms.dateFOA2021-08-08T02:08:33Z


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