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dc.contributor.authorZAMAKHSHARI, HADEEL
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-19T19:30:12Z
dc.date.available2013-04-19T19:30:12Z
dc.date.issued2013-04-19
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/4316
dc.description.abstractLung cancer is a major chronic disease responsible for the highest mortality rate, among other types of cancer, and represents 29% of all deaths in Canada. The clinical diagnosis of lung carcinoma still requires a standard diagnostic approach, as there are no symptoms in its early stage. Therefore, it is usually diagnosed at a later stage, when the survival rate is low. With the recent advancement in molecular biology and biotechnology, a molecular biomarker approach for the diagnosis of early lung cancer seems to be a potential option. In this study, we aimed to investigate and standardize a promising Lung ,Cancer Biomarker by studying the aberrant methylation of two tumour suppressor genes, namely RASSFIA and RAR-B, and the miRNA profiling of four . commonly deregulated miRNA (miR-199a-3p, miR-182, miR-lOO and miR-221). Four lung cancer cell lines were used (two SCLC and two NSCLC), with comparisons being made with normal lung cell lines. Our results, we found that none of these genes were methylated. We then evaluated TP53, and found the promoter of this gene to be methylated in the cancer cell lines, as compared to the normal cell lines, indicating gene inactivation. We carried out miRNA profiling of the cancer cell lines and reported that 80 miRNAs are deregulated in lung cancer cell lines as compared to the normal cell lines. Our study was the first of its kind to indicate that hsa-mir-4301, hsa-mir-4707-5p and hsa-mir-4497 (newly discovered miRNAs) are deregulated in lung cancer cell lines. We also investigated miR-199a-3p, mir-lOO and miR-182, and found that miR-199a -3p and mir-l00 were down-regulated in cancer lines, whereas miR-182 was up-regulated in the cancer cell lines. In the final part of the study we observed that mir-221 could be a putative biomarker to distinguish between the two types of lung cancer because it was down-regulated in SCLC, and up-regulated in the NSCLC cell lines. In conclusion, we found four miRNA molecular biomarkers that possibly could be used in the early diagnosis of the lung cancer. More studies are still required with larger numbers of samples to effectively establish these as molecular biomarkers for the diagnosis of lung canceren_US
dc.publisherBrock Universityen_US
dc.subjectLung canceren_US
dc.subjectMolecular biomarkersen_US
dc.subjectEarly diagnosisen_US
dc.titleSTUDYING ABERRANT METHYLATION AND miRNA PROFILING FOR THE DETECTION OF LUNG CANCER BIOMARKERSen_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.degree.namePh.D. Biotechnologyen_US
dc.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCentre for Biotechnologyen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Mathematics and Scienceen_US
dc.embargo.termsNoneen_US
refterms.dateFOA2021-08-08T01:57:29Z


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