• The Forest and its Trees: A Critical Inquiry into the Use of Nature-based Solutions in Canada’s A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy Plan

      Esdale, Gavin
      Nature-based solutions (NbS) and natural climate solutions (NCS) have emerged as promising options to address the challenges of the global climate and biodiversity crises. However, confusion persists about the meaning and practical implications of these relatively new approaches in the public, private, and political spheres. This research paper explores how the Government of Canada conceptualizes NbS and NCS, first through a scoping review of literature regarding the conceptual definitions and limits of NbS and NCS, and then through a directed content analysis of their 2020 climate plan, titled A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy (HEHE). This research determines that the NbS and NCS concepts are frequently confused or treated as interchangeable by the Government of Canada to the detriment of the HEHE plan’s strategies. The implications of these findings are discussed. The paper concludes with recommendations for improved design and deployment of NbS and NCS in Canada.
    • Logging, Tourism, and Community: Finding Balance in South Algonquin and Algonquin Provincial Park

      McIntyre, Nikki
      This major research paper looks to explore the interwoven complexities involved in finding balance among the different realms of sustainability within Algonquin Provincial Park and the community of South Algonquin. It explores theory, case studies, and literature surrounding topics of park management, community development, planning, and the provincial park and community itself. Primary data collection by the author was not utilized; however, the research examines a plethora of existing literature including government documents and reports, conference resources, and published articles. Throughout the work the development of logging and tourism within the park are examined, both as separate and intertwined industries. The issue of these contrasting yet tied industries can be explained as a “wicked problem”, that being one with no finite or correct answer. With this understanding the work goes forward seeking not one solution but a variety of practices in resource management, development, and community engagement. A central theme of youth as potential actors within the processes of park, resource, and community management emerges, with calls for more engagement from this demographic. In the overall examination I find that the balance of sustainability in this region is relatively stable, with appropriate and innovative strategies being utilized from a variety of engaged actors to establish a “best case” for all.
    • Sustainability-Related Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Communications in the Canadian Grocery Industry

      Harper, Erica
      As consumers become more socially and environmentally aware, organizations provide in-depth corporate social responsibility (CSR) reports, sustainability reports, and communicate about CSR on various social media channels. This study consists of an exploratory content analysis of sustainability-related CSR social media communications from Canada’s three largest grocery retailers, including Loblaw, Metro, and Sobeys. The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which sustainable business practices are being discussed through social media postings. The findings demonstrate that the retailers include more content related to sustainable business practices on Instagram as compared to Facebook and LinkedIn. Additionally, the results demonstrate that two out of the three retailers within the study do not communicate their CSR initiatives in alignment with previous research that provides best practices for CSR communications. These results have valuable implications for grocery managers, public policy writers, and researchers.