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dc.contributor.authorCirello-Egamino, Joanne.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-10-02T13:20:02Z
dc.date.available2009-10-02T13:20:02Z
dc.date.issued1994-10-02T13:20:02Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/2751
dc.description.abstractFlow injection analysis (FIA) was applied to the determination of both chloride ion and mercury in water. Conventional FIA was employed for the chloride study. Investigations of the Fe3 +/Hg(SCN)2/CI-,450 nm spectrophotometric system for chloride determination led to the discovery of an absorbance in the 250-260 nm region when Hg(SCN)2 and CI- are combined in solution, in the absence of iron(III). Employing an in-house FIA system, absorbance observed at 254 nm exhibited a linear relation from essentially 0 - 2000 Jlg ml- 1 injected chloride. This linear range spanning three orders of magnitude is superior to the Fe3+/Hg(SCN)2/CI- system currently employed by laboratories worldwide. The detection limit obtainable with the proposed method was determin~d to be 0.16 Jlg ml- 1 and the relative standard deviation was determined to be 3.5 % over the concentration range of 0-200 Jig ml- 1. Other halogen ions were found to interfere with chloride determination at 254 nm whereas cations did not interfere. This system was successfully applied to the determination of chloride ion in laboratory water. Sequential injection (SI)-FIA was employed for mercury determination in water with the PSA Galahad mercury amalgamation, and Merlin mercury fluorescence detection systems. Initial mercury in air determinations involved injections of mercury saturated air directly into the Galahad whereas mercury in water determinations involved solution delivery via peristaltic pump to a gas/liquid separator, after reduction by stannous chloride. A series of changes were made to the internal hardware and valving systems of the Galahad mercury preconcentrator. Sequential injection solution delivery replaced the continuous peristaltic pump system and computer control was implemented to control and integrate all aspects of solution delivery, sample preconcentration and signal processing. Detection limits currently obtainable with this system are 0.1 ng ml-1 HgO.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBrock Universityen_US
dc.subjectFlow injection analysis.en_US
dc.subjectChlorides--Analysis.en_US
dc.subjectMercury--Analysis.en_US
dc.subjectWater--Pollution--Measurement.en_US
dc.titleInvestigations in flow injection analysis (FIA): conventional FIA determination of chloride in water; sequential injection (SI)-FIA determination of mercury in wateren_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.degree.nameM.Sc. Chemistryen_US
dc.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Chemistryen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Mathematics and Scienceen_US
refterms.dateFOA2021-08-07T02:13:18Z


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