• Exploring Self-Compassion and Perceptions of Recreation Therapists' Professional Quality of Life

      Stevens, Ashlyn; Applied Health Sciences Program
      This study explores the professional quality of life (PQoL) of therapeutic recreation specialists (TRS) and the influence of self-compassion on PQoL. Through exploring this phenomenon with TRSs’ that identified as having a high PQoL it was found that PQoL was created and influenced by: (1) the professional’s authentic sense of self, (2) their meaningful relational competence, and (3) balancing many roles. It was found that the TRSs’ interviewed focused on building and developing their positive emotion through: (1) utilizing strengths, (2) mindfulness and emotion regulation, (3) engaging and sharing passions, and (4) building a sense of community at work. Engaging in strategies that build and develop positive emotion allowed the participants to lessen their need to use coping strategies like self-compassion in order to have a high PQoL. This research allows for a deeper understanding of what creates and enhances the PQoL for TRSs’.
    • The Relationship between athlete motivation, strategies used to cope with stress and affective outcomes in Canadian University athletes

      Rimmer, Samuel; Applied Health Sciences Program (Brock University, 2011-09-09)
      Motivation to perform and coping with stress during performance are key factors in determining numerous outcomes of sporting performance. However, less evidence is in place assessing their relationship. The aim of this investigation was to assess the relationship between athlete motivation and the coping strategies used to deal with stress during their sporting performance, as well as the relationship between motivation and affect and coping and affect. One hundred and forty five university athletes completed questionnaires. Regressions revealed that two of the three self determined levels of motivation, identified and integrated regulation, predicted increased task-oriented coping strategies. Two of the three non-self determined levels of motivation, amotivation and external regulation, significantly predicted disengagement-oriented coping. Additionally, intrinsic motivation and task-oriented coping predicted increase positive affect. Increased disengagement-oriented coping predicted decreased positive affect. Disengagement-oriented coping significantly predicted increased negative affect. These findings increase understanding of motivations role in predicting athletes coping.