• Judging Normality and Attractiveness in Faces: Direct Evidence of a More Refined Representation for Own-Race, Young Adult Faces

      Zhou, Xiaomei; Short, Lindsey A.; Chan, Harmonie S. J.; Mondloch, Catherine J. (Sage Publications, 2016-09)
      Young and older adults are more sensitive to deviations from normality in young than older adult faces, suggesting that the dimensions of face space are optimized for young adult faces. Here, we extend these findings to own-race faces and provide converging evidence using an attractiveness rating task. In Experiment 1, Caucasian and Chinese adults were shown own- and other-race face pairs; one member was undistorted and the other had compressed or expanded features. Participants indicated which member of each pair was more normal (a task that requires referencing a norm) and which was more expanded (a task that simply requires discrimination). Participants showed an own-race advantage in the normality task but not the discrimination task. In Experiment 2, participants rated the facial attractiveness of own- and other-race faces (Experiment 2a) or young and older adult faces (Experiment 2b). Between-rater variability in ratings of individual faces was higher for other-race and older adult faces; reduced consensus in attractiveness judgments reflects a less refined face space. Collectively, these results provide direct evidence that the dimensions of face space are optimized for own-race and young adult faces, which may underlie face race- and age-based deficits in recognition. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • KAIRON PROJECT : assessing the role of expressive arts in community-based breast cancer support systems in the Niagara Region

      Nancy, Cook (2010-01-29)
      Research Report Written for the Canadian Breast Cancer Foundation.
    • La gouvernance de l’eau et la planification relative aux bassins hydrographiques dans les communautés des Premières Nations de la Colombie-Britannique

      Harris, Leila (2016)
      Les processus de gouvernance des Premières Nations sont particulièrement complexes puisqu’ils mettent en jeu toute une série de lois et d’institutions fédérales ainsi que le plus vaste contexte de l’autonomie gouvernementale de première importance pour ces communautés. Cette recherche améliorera la compréhension globale des interactions entre les Premières Nations et le cadre actuel de la gouvernance de l’eau en Colombie-Britannique et des interactions complexes entretenues par les Premières Nations au sein de ce cadre. En outre, elle dégagera les perspectives des Premières Nations concernant les barrières et les priorités relatives à l’amélioration de la gouvernance de l’eau en Colombie-Britannique, à l’échelle provinciale, tout en mettant l’accent sur la gouvernance au niveau de bassins hydrographiques individuels. L’examen de ces dimensions illuminera les types de réactions nécessaires à la réalisation de réels progrès relativement à ces enjeux.
    • Larval habitat associations with human land uses, roads, rivers, and land cover for Anopheles albimanus, A. pseudopunctipennis, and A. punctimacula (Diptera: Culicidae) in coastal and highland Ecuador

      Pinault, Lauren L.; Hunter, Fiona F. (Frontiers, 2012-03-20)
      Larval habitat for three highland Anopheles species: Anopheles albimanus Wiedemann, Anopheles pseudopunctipennis Theobald, and Anopheles punctimacula Dyar and Knab was related to human land uses, rivers, roads, and remotely sensed land cover classifications in the western Ecuadorian Andes. Of the five commonly observed human land uses, cattle pasture (n = 30) provided potentially suitable habitat for A. punctimacula and A. albimanus in less than 14% of sites, and was related in a principal components analysis (PCA) to the presence of macrophyte vegetation, greater surface area, clarity, and algae cover. Empty lots (n = 30) were related in the PCA to incident sunlight and provided potential habitat for A. pseudopunctipennis and A. albimanus in less than 14% of sites. The other land uses surveyed (banana, sugarcane, and mixed tree plantations; n = 28, 21, 25, respectively) provided very little standing water that could potentially be used for larval habitat. River edges and eddies (n = 41) were associated with greater clarity, depth, temperature, and algae cover, which provide potentially suitable habitat for A. albimanus in 58% of sites and A. pseudopunctipennis in 29% of sites. Road-associated water bodies (n = 38) provided potential habitat for A. punctimacula in 44% of sites and A. albimanus in 26% of sites surveyed. Species collection localities were compared to land cover classifications using Geographic Information Systems software. All three mosquito species were associated more often with the category “closed/open broadleaved evergreen and/or semi-deciduous forests” than expected (P ≤ 0.01 in all cases), given such a habitat’s abundance. This study provides evidence that specific human land uses create habitat for potential malaria vectors in highland regions of the Andes.
    • Legal cannabis market shares during Canada’s first year of recreational legalisation

      Armstrong, Michael (Elsevier, 2020-11-19)
      Background: This study estimated legal products’ share of Canada’s total cannabis consumption during the first year of recreational legalisation, October 2018 to September 2019. Methods: Government data was used to estimate monthly recreational sales in dollars per capita, grams per user, and percentage share of kilograms or litres consumed. As explanatory factors, the analysis considered provincial differences in retail pricing (percentage mark-ups) and store density (stores per million users), as well as national monthly production of dry cannabis (kilograms) and cannabis oil (litres) finished products. Results: Legal recreational products’ share of Canada’s overall cannabis consumption began at 7.8% in October 2018 and grew to 23.7% by September 2019, with an average of 14.5% over the first 12 months. Sales growth was delayed by shortages of both dry cannabis products and licensed stores, but not cannabis oils. Across the 10 provinces, legal recreational shares in September 2019 varied from 13% to 70%; differences in store densities and retail prices partly explained the variation. Prince Edward Island’s large 70% share seemed due to it having minimal product shortages, high store densities, and low prices. Conclusions: Legal recreational products captured market share to the extent they were available, accessible, and low-priced. Problems with those factors slowed the initial expansion of legal product sales but also suggested ways to gradually increase their market share.
    • Librarians and ESL Instructors as Campus Partners in Collaboration and Alliance Building

      Bordonaro, Karen (Collaborative Librarianship, 2018-06)
      Librarians and English as a Second Language (ESL) instructors can be campus partners to improve student learning. This article describes one way for librarians to begin working collaboratively with their ESL instructor counterparts on a university campus. It offers the creation and use of an assessment tool designed to capture ESL students’ library learning as an initial point of collaboration. Following the discussion of the creation and use of this tool, this article then advocates for librarians and ESL instructors to build mutually beneficial alliances between them. These alliances can be based on commonalities and can offer benefits for professionals working in both roles on campus.
    • Libraries and the Arctic: Language Education Support

      Bordonaro, Karen; Angalik, Shelby (LIBREAS: Library Ideas, 2018-05)
      The Arctic inspires awe. This unique region of the world has been studied in many ways by many different disciplines. The discipline of librarianship can also add to its study. In this article, the authors, a practicing Canadian librarian at Brock University in Ontario and an Inuktitut student enrolled at the same university, offer a suggested role for libraries to play in the ongoing study of the Arctic. They explore and describe the role of libraries in supporting native Arctic language education. Support for learning and preserving native Arctic languages can be found in library collections, spaces and services. This article looks at support of native speakers and other interested language learners, support of language research, support of language preservation, and support of new publishing opportunities that can be provided by or through libraries. These language support examples come from a document analysis that perused web sites, conference proceedings, published scholarship in the form of books and articles, newspaper sources, and personal background knowledge of the authors. Documents were collected, categorized, and described. The language support categories that emerged illustrate the many different ways that libraries can engage in native Arctic language education support. In offering this role, the authors hope to provide a means for librarians to learn more about the Arctic as well as a way for libraries to contribute to knowledge of the Arctic.
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2009-02
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2007-03
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2008-09
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2007-09
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2009-04
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2006-10
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2008-02
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2009-09
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2010-09
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2011-02
    • Library News

      James A. Gibson Library, 2010-02
    • Library Newsletter

      James A. Gibson Library, 2001-02