• Predicting Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test Performance from Foot Characteristics

      Chimera, Nicole J.; Larson, Mallorie (Human Kinetics, 2020)
      The lower quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ) is associated with injury risk; however, ankle range of motion impacts YBT-LQ. Arch height and foot sensation impact static balance, but these characteristics have not yet been evaluated relative to YBT-LQ. Determine if arch height index (AHI), forefoot sensation (SEN), and ankle dorsiflexion predict YBT-LQ composite score (CS). Descriptive cohort. Athletic training laboratory. Twenty general population (14 females and 6 males; mean [SD]: age 35 [18] y, weight 70.02 [16.76] kg, height 1.68 [0.12] m) participated in this study. AHI measurement system assessed arch height in 10% (AHI10) and 90% (AHI90) weight-bearing. Two-point discrim-a-gon discs assessed sensation (SEN) at the plantar great toe, third and fifth metatarsal heads. Biplane goniometer and weight-bearing lunge tests were used to measure static and weight-bearing dorsiflexion, respectively. The YBT-LQ assessed dynamic single-leg balance. For right-limb dynamic single-leg balance, AHI90 and SEN were included in the final sequential prediction equation; however, neither model significantly (P = .052 and .074) predicted variance in YBT-LQ CS. For left-limb dynamic single-leg balance, both SEN and weight-bearing lunge test were included in the final sequential prediction equation. The regression model (SEN and weight-bearing lunge test) significantly (P = .047) predicted 22% of the variance in YBT-LQ CS. This study demonstrates that foot characteristics may play a role in YBT-LQ CS. The authors did not assess limb dominance in this study; therefore, the authors are unable to determine which limb would be the stance versus kicking limb. However, altered SEN and weight-bearing dorsiflexion appear to be contributing factors to YBT-LQ CS.
    • A preliminary study of grade forecasting for students

      Armstrong, Michael J. (Wiley, 2013)
      This experiment enabled undergraduate business students to better assess their progress in a course by quantitatively forecasting their own end-of-course grades. This innovation provided them with predictive feedback in addition to the outcome feedback they were already receiving. A total of 144 students forecast their grades using an instructor-prepared spreadsheet, and then responded to a brief survey. Of these participants, 29% said the forecast grades were lower than expected, while 6% said they were higher. Subsequent to the forecast, 47% of the respondents said they were studying more than planned, while 3% said they were studying less. The relative difference between the students’ forecast grades and their prior expectations showed no direct influence on subsequent motivation or studying effort. Instead, increased studying was reported by students who had experienced increased anxiety, increased motivation, or positive impressions subsequent to the forecasting experience, as well as by students who had received low absolute grade forecasts.
    • Preparation of Rearranged Allylic Isocyanates from the Reaction of Allylic Alcohols with 1-Cyano-4-dimethylaminopyridinium Bromide

      Baidilov, Daler; Makarova, Mariia; Rycek, Lukas; Hudlicky, Tomas (Thieme, 2018-10-11)
      A shorter and less costly alternative to Ichikawa’s [1,3]-transposition protocol for cyanates to isocyanates is described.
    • Priming the Governance System for Climate Change Adaptation: The Application of a Social Ecological Inventory (SEI) to Engage Actors in Niagara, Canada

      Pickering, Kerrie; Baird, Julia; Plummer, Ryan (2012-03)
      Adaptive systems of governance are increasingly gaining attention in respect to complex and uncertain social-ecological systems. Adaptive co-management is one strategy to make adaptive governance operational and holds promise with respect to community climate change adaptation as it facilitates participation and learning across scales and fosters adaptive capacity and resilience. Developing tools which hasten the realization of such approaches are growing in importance. This paper describes explores the Social Ecological Inventory (SEI) as a tool to 'prime' a regional climate change adaptation network. The SEI tool draws upon the social-ecological systems approach in which social and ecological systems are considered linked. SEIs bridge the gap between conventional stakeholder analysis and biological inventories and take place through a six phase process. A case study describes the results of applying an SEI to prime an adaptive governance network for climate change adaptation in the Niagara Region of Canada. Lessons learned from the case study are discussed and highlight how the SEI catalyzed the adaptive co-management process in the case. Future avenues for SEIs in relation to climate change adaptation emerge from this exploratory work and offer opportunities to inform research and adaptation planning.
    • Promoting Conservation and Social Justice Through Next-Generation Water Prices

      Scott, Dayna (2014)
      It is well understood that water is becoming increasing scarce and that water supply systems are becoming increasingly unreliable in many parts of the world. One part of the solution to these challenges lies in adequately pricing potable water. Proposals to increase prices to encourage conservation and spur innovation, however, have been met with concerns regarding the impact of price increases on the poor. Evidence from a number of jurisdictions indicates that poor households spend a larger share of their income on necessities such as water and, as a result, could be disproportionately harmed by efforts to raise water prices. Moreover, few debates include gendered analyses of the implications of water management models, or an investigation of how women might be differentially affected even though it is likely that higher water prices will mean unequal access to water, along the familiar social gradients of race, class, and gender. This project is an integrated research program that advances the state of knowledge of the economic and social impacts of water pricing reforms and provides project partners with the analytic tools to support their rate setting.
    • Promouvoir la conservation et la justice sociale grâce à la tarification de l’eau de la prochaine génération

      Scott, Dayna (2014)
      Il est largement admis que l’eau devient de plus en plus rare et que les systèmes d’approvisionnement en eau deviennent de moins en moins fiables dans de nombreuses régions du monde. La résolution de ces problèmes repose, en partie, sur la tarification appropriée de l’eau potable. Les propositions concernant l’augmentation des prix en vue d’encourager la conservation et de stimuler l’innovation ont cependant été accueillies avec des réserves liées à l’incidence des hausses de prix pour les pauvres. Les données émanant de diverses instances indiquent que les ménages pauvres consacrent une plus grande proportion de leurs revenus aux nécessités de la vie comme l’eau et que, par conséquent, ils pourraient être lésés de façon disproportionnée par les efforts visant à augmenter le prix de l’eau. De plus, les débats n’incluent pas habituellement d’analyses comparatives entre les sexes sur les répercussions des modèles de gestion de l'eau ni de recherches sur la manière dont les femmes pourraient être touchées différemment, bien qu’il soit probable que la hausse du prix de l’eau entraîne des inégalités dans l'accès à l'eau en fonction des gradients sociaux communs que sont la race, la classe et le sexe. Ce projet est un programme de recherche intégré qui développe l'état des connaissances concernant les impacts économiques et sociaux des réformes de la tarification de l’eau et fournit aux partenaires du projet les outils analytiques dont ils ont besoin pour étayer leur tarification.
    • Protect yourself from Predatory Publishers: Tips for staying safe in Scholarly Publishing

      Yates, Elizabeth; Gibson, Ian (2015-04-14)
      Scholarly publishing is a chaotic business with new journals constantly emerging and longstanding publications changing or folding. With some newer publications adopting less-than-desirable business practices, it can be challenging to make wise publishing decisions. This hands-on workshop will explore tools to help you avoid predatory publishers and select journals that will enhance your work.
    • Psychocentricity and participant profiles: implications for lexical processing among multilinguals

      Libben, Gary; Curtiss, Kaitlin; Weber, Silke (Frontiers in Psychology, 2014-06-30)
      Lexical processing among bilinguals is often affected by complex patterns of individual experience. In this paper we discuss the psychocentric perspective on language representation and processing, which highlights the centrality of individual experience in psycholinguistic experimentation. We discuss applications to the investigation of lexical processing among multilinguals and explore the advantages of using high-density experiments with multilinguals. High density experiments are designed to co-index measures of lexical perception and production, as well as participant profiles. We discuss the challenges associated with the characterization of participant profiles and present a new data visualization technique, that we term Facial Profiles. This technique is based on Chernoff faces developed over 40 years ago. The Facial Profile technique seeks to overcome some of the challenges associated with the use of Chernoff faces, while maintaining the core insight that recoding multivariate data as facial features can engage the human face recognition system and thus enhance our ability to detect and interpret patterns within multivariate datasets. We demonstrate that Facial Profiles can code participant characteristics in lexical processing studies by recoding variables such as reading ability, speaking ability, and listening ability into iconically-related relative sizes of eye, mouth, and ear, respectively. The balance of ability in bilinguals can be captured by creating composite facial profiles or Janus Facial Profiles. We demonstrate the use of Facial Profiles and Janus Facial Profiles in the characterization of participant effects in the study of lexical perception and production.
    • Publish, don’t perish: tips for evaluating journals

      Yates, Elizabeth (2018-06-12)
      So, you want make sure you publish your research in a “good” journal? Maybe your role includes advising others on how to select appropriate publication venues? It’s tricky navigating the complex and rapidly shifting terrain of scholarly publishing, where traditional hallmarks of quality such as Impact Factor no longer reign supreme. The rise of predatory journals makes the publishing environment even more challenging. This session explored strategies for evaluating the quality and relevance of academic journals, maximize the reach of one’s research and avoiding problematic publications.
    • Pursuing Excellence in Research Reflections from UNESCO Research Chairs in Canada

      Carr, Paul; Dionne, Carmen; Fullerton, Christopher; Hall, Budd L.; Vasseur, Liette; Venkatesh, Vivek; Dupont, Diane; Kaine, Elisabeth (Canadian Commission for UNESCO, 2020)
      Assessing or even just defining what excellence in research means can become a monumental task that can lead to frustration. The main reason is that research can take many forms depending on the discipline in which a scientist is working. In this reflection paper, we discuss the potential principles that could be applied when thinking about excellence in research in the context of academic advancement and resourcing. We acknowledge that there are many variants of the term and trying to add a strict framework may lead to discrimination against not only some disciplines but also cultures, as research has a social component that should not be forgotten.

      Adamowicz, Vic (Canadian Water Network, 2016)
      Water utility service providers aim to provide quality water to their customers at all times, minimizing disruptions to water systems that may impact the delivery of water. The impacts from increased frequency and severity of summer droughts and forest fires in regions like Alberta are becoming a growing concern, as they could lead to increased risks in drinking water system outages, and also have negative impacts on downstream water quality. Forest and watershed management practices have the ability to reduce both the risks to the reliability of drinking water sources and the need for increased investments in drinking water treatment infrastructure. An evaluation of the monetary value that Albertans place on the reliability of drinking water sources can assess the economic benefits of forest and watershed management practices in Alberta to inform decision making.

      Adamowicz, Vic (Canadian Water Network, 2016)
      The importance of safe and reliable drinking water to human health is paramount. Water utility service providers aim to provide quality water to their customers at all times, minimizing disruptions to water systems that may impact the delivery of water. The impacts from increased frequency and severity of summer droughts and forest fires in regions like Alberta are becoming a growing concern, which could lead to increased risks in drinking water system outages or reliability problems (i.e. the interruption of the supply of high quality drinking water) for communities. A vast majority of drinking water in Alberta comes from the Eastern forested slopes of the Canadian Rocky Mountains, and researchers have suggested forest and watershed management as a method of improving drinking water reliability. These practices include the placement of buffer strips along streams to reduce the amount of sediment and debris entering drinking water sources, and reducing of the amount of hazardous forest fuels such as stands of dry trees in the watershed to prevent wildfires. These forest management practices can potentially reduce risks to drinking water reliability and the need for increased investments in drinking water treatment infrastructure.
    • The Quarry

      Dickinson, Adam; Bourgeois, Lorène (Small Walker Press and Salon für Kunstbuch, 2019)
      In the Fall of 2018, the Small Walker Press invited poet Adam Dickinson and artist Lorène Bourgeois to walk through a former landfill (1976-2001), the Glenridge Quarry Naturalization Site. Located on the Niagara Escarpment, overlooking the City of St. Catharines, Ontario, it functions today as a public recreation area. Its landscape still resembles a raw, industrialized version of nature, eerie and ominous in its windswept hills. The ground is punctuated by prickly vegetation providing beautiful flowers in the summer months, and rocks, from pebbles and gravel to larger boulders. A constructed landscape, it is perceived as rationally managed nature. Indeed, there is something decidedly unnatural about this carefully designed space where layers of clay and soil have been deposited and vegetation native to the area planted with the aim of naturalizing the landfill. Along the paths, visitors will also notice the small mechanical vents of a gas collection system from which escape acrid odours produced by decomposing waste under the harmonious scenery. As a result of their walk together, Adam Dickinson contributes a poem about childhood reminiscences and the dreamy yet familiar realm where they belong, while Lorène Bourgeois revisits some of her earlier drawings and presents them anew in a sequence whose rhythm is inspired by photographs she made of the Glenridge Quarry. Adam Dickinson’s poetry focuses primarily on intersections between poetry and science as a way of exploring new ecocritical perspectives and alternative modes of poetic composition. He is the author of Cartography and Walking (2002), Kingdom, Phylum (2006), The Polymers (2013), and Anatomic (2018). Lorène Bourgeois’ recent works are large-scale representations of humans, animals, clothing and nakedness. She draws her sources from public archives and museum artefacts, as well as from her contact with the world around her. Her work has been exhibited across Canada and internationally, and is held in numerous collections, including the Canada Council Art Bank, Banff Centre for Arts and Creativity, and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Toronto.
    • Raising the Achievement of Immigrant Students: Towards a Multi-Layered Framework for Enhanced Student Outcomes

      Volante, Louis; Klinger, Don A.; Siegel, Melissa; Yahia, Leena (Sage, 2019-03-22)
      Results of international achievement surveys such as the Programme in International Student Assessment have consistently reported an achievement gap between immigrant and non-immigrant student populations around the world. This paper unpacks this persistent achievement gap by examining key characteristics that influence the performance of first- and second-generation immigrant students as well as the policies and practices that are associated with enhanced educational outcomes. A multi-layered framework is proposed to help policymakers juxtapose key characteristics of their immigrant students’ achievement against individual, family, school, community, and host society characteristics and policies. The discussion also underscores the importance of connecting this multi-layered framework with other important sectors within governments such as those responsible for the economy, health, social protection, and immigration. This paper also examines limitations with current large-scale data sets and the implications for research and policy analysis.
    • Reasons for Forgiving: Individual Differences and Emotional Outcomes

      Belicki, Kathryn; Decourville, Nancy; Kamble, Shanmukh Vasant; Stewart, Tammy; Rubel, Alicia (SAGE Publications, 2020)
      This research is part of a program to identify common forms of forgiveness and study the outcomes associated with different ways of forgiving. Two samples, one in Canada (N = 274) and one in India (N = 159), completed a third version of the Reasons for Forgiving Questionnaire (R4FQ), several measures of individual differences, as well as measures of affect and mood while imagining their injurer. Nine R4FQ subscales were derived: For the Relationship, To Feel Better, Based on Principle, Because Injurer Reformed, To Demonstrate Moral Superiority, Because Understood Injurer, For God, Because of Social Pressure, and For Pragmatic Reasons. These subscales were differentially related to religiosity, attachment security, trait anger, collectivism, and individualism. Positive emotional outcomes were associated with forgiving for the relationship, based on principle, because injurer reformed, and because understood injurer. In contrast, negative outcomes were associated with forgiving To Demonstrate Moral Superiority, Because of Social Pressure, and For Pragmatic Reasons.
    • Recreational Reading of International Students in Academic Libraries

      Bordonaro, Karen (The Reading Matrix, 2011-09)
      survey of international students in a university library as to whether or not they engage in recreational reading and if they think it helps their language learning
    • Redux: Tabulating Transactions with Raspberry Pi and Visualizing Results

      Ribaric, Tim (code4Lib, 2018-05-07)
      Often in the library tech world we are not given the opportunity to attempt a project again. Effort spent re-doing a previous project in a different way, in some sense, means wasting time that could be used to work on new initiatives. This article describes a redux of a project, a revenge story so to speak. In 2013 the Arduino based Tabulatron first entered production at Brock University Library. The device had its flaws, an attempt to rectify those flaws was manifested in the creation of the PiTab, the story of which is presented here.
    • Refighting Pickett’s Charge: mathematical modeling of the Civil War battlefield

      Armstrong, Michael J.; Sodergren, Steven E. (Wiley, 2015)
      Objective. We model Pickett’s Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg to see whether the Confederates could have achieved victory by committing more infantry, executing a better barrage, or facing a weaker defense. Methods. Our mathematical modeling is based on Lanchester equations, calibrated using historical army strengths. We weight the Union artillery and infantry two different ways using two sources of data, and so have four versions of the model. Results. The models estimate that a successful Confederate charge would have required at least 1 to 3 additional brigades. An improved artillery barrage would have reduced these needs by about 1 brigade. A weaker Union defense could have allowed the charge to succeed as executed. Conclusions. The Confederates plausibly had enough troops to take the Union position and alter the battle’s outcome, but likely too few to further exploit such a success.
    • ReFRESH: Canada-US Transboundary Water Governance and the Columbia River Treaty Renegotiations

      Moore, Michele-Lee; Garrick, Dustin (2016)
      The Columbia Basin is at a crossroads due to the potential termination of the 1964 Canada-US Columbia River Treaty. Once widely recognized as a world-leading, innovative approach to transboundary water governance, concerns are mounting about whether the renegotiation process can address the numerous issues that have emerged since 1964 and regain the Columbia River’s status as a recognized global leader in transboundary governance. In preparation for this milestone, Canadian and US agencies have begun to address what Kenney (2009) calls the “omissions of the past”: ecosystem integrity, cultural flows, indigenous values, and climate change (see Province of BC, 2013; U.S. Entity, 2013). The small body of scholarship that has characterized Canada-US transboundary water governance has primarily highlighted challenges, such as the limited power of local actors (Norman and Bakker, 2009) and the lack of resilience planning (Cosens and Williams, 2012). Questions remain about how to apply the emerging research on innovative governance approaches and water security, in light of these challenges. That is, how can governance innovation be supported in Canada’s transboundary basins, specifically in the Columbia given the critical juncture poised by the Treaty renegotiation process?
    • The Relationship Between Body Temperature, Heart Rate, Breathing Rate, and Rate of Oxygen Consumption, in the Tegu Lizard (Tupinambis merianae) at Various Levels of Activity

      Piercy, Joanna; Rogers, Kip; Reichert, Michelle; Andrade, Denis V; Abe, Augusto S; Tattersall, Glenn J; Milsom, William K (2015)
      The present study determined whether EEG and/or EMG recordings could be used to reliably define activity states in the Brazilian black and white tegu lizard (Tupinambis merianae) and then examined the interactive effects of temperature and activity states on strategies for matching O2 supply and demand. In a first series of experiments, the rate of oxygen consumption (V˙O2), breathing frequency (f R), heart rate (f H), and EEG and EMG (neck muscle) activity were measured in different sleep/wake states (sleeping, awake but quiet, alert, or moving). In general, metabolic and cardio-respiratory changes were better indictors of the transition from sleep to wake than were changes in the EEG and EMG. In a second series of experiments, the interactive effects of temperature (17, 27 and 37 °C) and activity states on f R, tidal volume (V T), the fraction of oxygen extracted from the lung per breath (FIO2–FEO2), f H, and the cardiac O2 pulse were quantified to determine the relative roles of each of these variables in accommodating changes in V˙O2. The increases in oxygen supply to meet temperature- and activity-induced increases in oxygen demand were produced almost exclusively by increases in f H and f R. Regression analysis showed that the effects of temperature and activity state on the relationships between f H, f R and V˙O2 was to extend a common relationship along a single curve, rather than separate relationships for each metabolic state. For these lizards, the predictive powers of f R and f H were maximized when the effects of changes in temperature, digestive state and activity were pooled. However, the best r 2 values obtained were 0.63 and 0.74 using f R and f H as predictors of met abolic rate, respectively.