• Far infrared spectroscopy of heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn5

      Ocadlík, Stanislav.; Department of Physics (Brock University, 2004-07-09)
      The optical response to far infrared radiation has been measured on a mosaic of heavy fermion CeColnssingle crystals. The superconducting transition temperature of the crystals has been determined by van der Pauw resistivity and ac-susceptibility measurements as Tc = 2.3 K. The optical measurements were taken above and below the transition temperature using a 3He cryostat and step and integrate Martin-Puplett type polarizing interferometer. The absolute reflectance of the heavy fermion CeColns in the superconducting state in range (0, 100)cm-1 was calculated from the measured thermal reflectance, using the normal state data of Singley et al and a low frequency extrapolation for a metallic material in the Hagen-Rubens regime. By means of Kramers-Kronig analysis the absolute reflectance was used to calculate the optical conductivity of the sample. The real part of the calculated complex conductivity 0-(w) ofCeColns indicates a possible opening of an energy gap close to 50 em-I.
    • Far infrared spectroscopy of heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn5 /

      Ocadlík, Stanislav.; Department of Physics (Brock University, 2004-07-14)
      The optical response to far infrared radiation has been measured on a mosaic of heavy fermion CeCoIns single crystals. The superconducting transition temperature of the crystals has been determined by van der Pauw resistivity and ac-susceptibility measurements as Tc = 2.3 K. The optical measurements were taken above and below the transition temperature using a ^He cryostat and step and integrate Martin-Puplett type polarizing interferometer. The absolute reflectance of the heavy fermion CeCoIns in the superconducting state in range (0, 100)cm~^ was calculated from the measured thermal reflectance, using the normal state data of Singley et al and a low frequency extrapolation for a metallic material in the Hagen-Rubens regime. By means of Kramers-Kronig analysis the absolute reflectance was used to calculate the optical conductivity of the sample. The real part of the calculated complex conductivity a{u)) of CeCoIns indicates a possible opening of an energy gap close to 50 cm~^.
    • Far-infrared optical properties of the heavy fermion superconductor UB[E13]

      Brown, Adán.; Department of Physics (Brock University, 2001-07-09)
      Temperature dependent resistivity, p, magnetic susceptibility, X, and far-infrared reflectance measurements were made on the low Tc superconductor UBe13. Two variants of UBe13 have been proposed, named 'L'- (for low Tc ) and 'H'-type (for high Tc ). Low temperature resistivity measurements confirmed that our sample was of H-type and that the transition temperature was at 0.9 K. This was further confirmed with the observation of this transition in the AC-susceptibility. Low temperature reflectance measurements showed a decrease in the reflectivity as the temperature is lowered from 300 to 10 K, which is in qualitative agreement with the increasing resistivity in this temperature range as temperature is lowered. No dramatic change in the reflectivity was observed between 10 and 0.75 K. A further decrease of the reflectance was observed for the temperature of 0.5 K. The calculated optical conductivity shows a broad minimum near 80 cm-1 below 45 K. Above 45 K the conductivity is relatively featureless. As the temperature is lowered, the optical conductivity decreases. The frequency dependent scattering rate was found to be flat for temperatures between 300 and 45 K. The development of a peak, at around 70 cm-1 was found for temperatures of 45 K and below. This peak has been associated with the energy at which the transition to a coherent state occurs from single impurity scattering in other heavy fermion systems. The frequency dependent mass enhancement coefficient was found to increase at low frequencies as the frequency decreases. Its' magnitude as frequency approaches zero also increased as the temperature decreased.
    • Pressure dependence of superconducting properties of MgB2 /

      Ploczek, Henrich.; Department of Physics (Brock University, 2003-07-14)
      We prepared samples of MgB2 and ran sets of experiments aimed for investigation of superconducting properties under pressure. We found the value of pressure derivative of the transition temperature -1.2 ± 0.05 K/GPa. Then, using McMillan formula, we found that the main contribution to the change of the transition temperature under the pressure is due to the change in phonon frequencies. Griineisen parameter was calculated to be 7g = 2.4. Our results suggest that MgB2 is a conventional superconductor.
    • Properties of NaxCoO2 /

      Jalili, Helia.; Department of Physics (Brock University, 2005-06-29)
      Polycrysttdline samples of NaiCoOa were prepared using the "Rapid heat-up" method. One set of samples was annealed in flowing O2, while the other set in flowing Argon. X-Ray diffraction measurements indicated a stable phase of Nao.7Co02 mixed with C03O4 for all the samples even though they differed in concentration of Na. Argon annealed samples were insulators, whereas the ones annealed in O2 were metallic. Most of the measurements were performed on the sample Nao.7Co02, because it is the host compound for the superconductor sample Nao.35Co02-H20. Magnetization measurement showed that the magnetic moment decreased with increasing sodium concentration. This is due to the existence of C03O4 in samples with Na^ 0.7. As sodium concentration decreases, the magnetic moment increases due to the increasing concentration of C03O4 and its large magnetic moment. Magnetization measurements showed that the magnetic moment of Nao.7Co02 is field-dependent in low fields eind field-independent in fields higher than 100 G. Resistivity changes with temperature (dp/dT) increased with increasing Na concentration. Also resistivity measurements were performed under different hydrostatic pressures on Nao.7Co02. Two transitions were observed; one at a temperature Ti ~20 K and the other at T2 ^280 K, the transition at Ti has a magnetic origin and the one at T2 is a structiural transition. It was noticed that pressure aJfects resistivity of the sample. At higher pressures resistivity changes faster with temperature. Magnetoresistance measurement showed a small change in the resistivity, especially at lower temperatures. A novel layered superconductor Nao.35Co02H20 was prepared using de-intercalation of Na from the host compound Nao.7Co02. FVom the temperature dependence of the magnetization, the superconducting transition temperature and lower critictil field have been estimated as Tc=4.12 K and Hci=66 G, respectively.
    • Ultrasonic attenuation in layered superconductors /

      Ran, Wenqi.; Department of Physics (Brock University, 2006-06-04)
      We study the ultrasonic attenuation in layered superconductors using the Green's function formalism. General expressions are derived analytically and then calculated numerically by taking the nearest and next-nearest interactions in a disordered layered superconductor with random hoppings. Our results show huge anisotropics of ultrasonic attenuation in the superconductors and the strong dependence of ultrasonic attenuation on the temperature and the direction of polarization of the sound wave.