• Magnetic and Dielectric Properties of Cu3-xNixWO6 and Cu3W1-xMoxO6

      Dan, Xu; Department of Physics
      Cu3WO6 is a compound with an interesting coordination chemistry for both Cu and W. In this research, all samples were made by using the standard Solid Phase Reaction method with and without any doping. Using Powder x-ray diffraction and Rietveld analysis, we did not observe any distortion of the cubic crystal. Ni substitution for Cu, and Mo substitution for W, will act as a negative pressure on the lattice parameter of Cu3WO6. Magnetization measurements of Cu3-xNixWO6 indicate that all compounds undergo an antiferromagnetic phase transition at the Néel temperature. However, a significant change was observed in Néel temperature with Ni’s concentration. All compounds show Curie–Weiss antiferromagnetic behavior at high temperatures. The value of the 𝛍eff is close to the theoretical calculation in Cu3WO6. And the magnitude of 𝛍eff (exp) increases with Ni’s concentration. A spin-singlet ground state with energy gap at low temperatures was observed for all compounds. The energy gap 𝚫 is decreasing with the increasing concentration of Ni. The dielectric permittivity as a function of temperature and different frequency from1 kHz to 20 kHz for all samples, were investigated. A peak in dielectric loss ε'' appears between 150 K to 260 K in all samples of Cu3-xNixWO6. The peak position has a linear relationship with log10(𝑓) as a function of temperaure. The doping of Ni causes a gradual shift in the peak position. The activation energy Ea is decreasing with the increasing of Ni’s concentration.