• The fast atom bombardment mass spectrometric analysis of the carbamate pesticide carbaryl

      Waters, Gregory J.; Department of Chemistry (Brock University, 1987-07-09)
      The carbamate pesticide, carbaryl, was quantitatively studied using fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry (FAB-MS). Mass spectra were obtained in the positive ion-mode using both 2-nitrophenyloctyl ether (NPOE) and 3-nitrobenzyl alcohol (NBA) as matrix liquids. The sample was applied by three different techniques; simple mixing, solvent mixing and surface precipitation. Smaller volumes of matrix liquid were found to produce more favourable ion currents. Detection limits were largely independent of the matrix or application technique used. The relationship between ion current and the mass of analyte was found to be intricately related to the choice of matrix liquid.
    • Study of the application of the high performance liquid chromatography-particle beam interface-mass spectrometry technique on some pesiticides and the reduction phenomena in the system

      Ziao, He.; Department of Chemistry (Brock University, 1994-07-09)
      This work includes two major parts. The first part of the work concentrated on the studies of the application of the highperfonnance liquid chromatography-particle beam interface-mass spectrometry system of some pesticides. Factors that have effects on the detection sensitivity were studied. The linearity ranges and detection limits of ten pesticides are also given in this work. The second part of the work concentrated on the studies of the reduction phenomena of nitro compounds in the HPLC-PB-MS system. Direct probe mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry techniques were also used in the work. Factors that have effects on the reduction of the nitro compounds were studied, and the possible explanation is proposed. The final part of this work included the studies of reduction behavior of some other compounds in the HPLC-PB-MS system, included in them are: quinones, sulfoxides, and sulfones.