• Development of thermally stable versions of the Burgess Reagent : approaches to the chemoenzymatic total synthesis of morphine

      Metcalf, Thomas A.; Department of Chemistry (Brock University, 2011-10-14)
      The present studies describe our recent work on expanding the use of the Burgess reagent and its reaction with oxiranes. Several new variants of the Burgess reagent and its chiral auxiliary version were evaluated for their thermal stability by NMR spectroscopy. Three new versions of the reagent were synthesized and their stability was determined. The reactivity of all five Burgess reagents was compared in a dehydration reaction and reactions with epoxides and diols. Progress toward a chemoenzymatic synthesis of morphine is also included in this report. The synthesis began with the whole cell oxidation of bromobenzene by Escherichia coli JMI09(pDTG601). The preparation of several precursors for a key step involving the lohnson-Claisen rearrangement and progress toward the total synthesis are described.
    • Enantiodivergent chemoenzymatic synthesis of Balanol and approaches to the synthesis of (+)-Codine

      Gilmet, Jacqueline; Department of Chemistry (Brock University, 2010-10-25)
      The present thesis reviews the development of a formal enantiodivergent synthesis of the (+)- and (-)-isomers of balanol. This approach commences from a cis-dihydrodiol derived from the enzymatic dihydroxylation of bromobenzene. The stereochemistry of the diol is used to direct the synthesis of two different aziridines, each used in the formal synthesis of one enantiomer of balanol. Also described are several enantioselective approaches to (+ )-codeine. Each strategy begins with the enzymatic dihydroxylation of p-bromoethylbenzene and involves a Mitsunobu inversion and intramolecular Heck reaction as key steps.