• The chemistry of heterocyclic methine bases and of their acyl and thioacyl derivatives

      Gupta, Ajay.; Department of Chemistry (Brock University, 1987-07-09)
      The work described in this thesis has been dtvided into six sections . The first section involves the reaction of 3,5-diphenyl-2-methyl-l,3,4-oxadiazolium perchlorate with acetic and benzoic anhydrides. The second section deals with the preparation and reactions of 1,3,4-thia diazolium salts. Some monomeric 1,3,4-thiadiazoline methine bases have also been prepared by reacting 1,3,4-thia d iaz ol ium s al t s with concen trated ammonium hydroxide solution. Variable temperature p.m.r. of 2-(3-acetylacetonylidene)-3,5-diphenyl-A4 -1,3,4-thiadiazoline has also been described. The third section deals with prepar a tion and reactions of some compounds in benzoxazole series. The fourth section deals with the prep a ration and reactions of N-alkyl-2-methylbenzothi azolium salts with base , a nd with some a cetylating and thioacetylating agents. Treatment of 2,3-dimethylbenzothiazolium iodide and of 3-ethyl-2-methylbenzothia zolium iodide with base wa s found to give the corresponding dimeric methine b a ses and evidence supporting their structure is also given. Thiol acetic acid was found to exchange 0 for S in its reactions with 2-acetonylidene-3-methylbenzothiazoline and 2-acetophenonylidene-3-methylbenzothi a zoline. (ii) In th e fifth section, the r eactions of 2,3-dimethylbenzselenazolium iodide with a variety of ac e tylating and thioacetylating agents has been described. The treatment of 2,3-dimethylbenzselenazolium iodide with base was found to give rise to a dimeric methine base and evidence supporting its structure is also given. The reactions of this dimeric methine b a se with benzoic anhydride and phenylisothiocyanate have also been described. The sixth section deals with the preparation and reactions of l-alkyl-2-methylquinolinium salts. Treatment of 1,2-dimethylquinolinium iodide and l-ethyl-2-methylquinolinium iodide was found to give the corresponding monomeric methine bases and evidence supporting their structure is also given. The E-type geometry of the olefinic bond in 2-acetonylidene-l-methylquinoline has been established on the basis of an N.O.E. experiment.
    • The Smiles rearrangement in hydrazidic systems and related syntheses /|nG. A. Pawelchak. -- 260 St. Catharines, Ont. : [s. n.],

      Pawelchak, G. A.; Department of Chemistry (Brock University, 1971-07-09)
      This research was directed towards the investigation of the Smiles rearrangement in hydrazidic systems and the synthesis of related heterocyclic compounds. The work can be conveniently divided into two main sections. Section 1 of the thesis relates to the synthesis and examination of the O+N migration of phenoxy- derivatives of hydrazidic halides. In general, hydrazidic halides were found to react with 2-nitrophenol and 4-nitrophenol to give corresponding a-nitrophenoxy- compounds. These a-nitrophenoxy- compounds were found to rearrange in warm base to give the corresponding N-benzoyl compounds via a proposed five-membered transition state. Experiments conducted in styrene revealed no radical contribution to the rearrangement. Cross-over product analysis indicated the rearrangement as intramolecular and consistent with the Smiles rearrangement. The preparation of N-a-chlorobenzylidene-N'-2-nitrophenyl- -N'-(2,4-dibromophenyl)hydrazine from N-benzoyl-N'-2-nitrophenyl- N'-(2,4-dibromophenyl)hydrazine was accomplished using phosphorus oxychloride. Examination of this hydrazidic chloride indicated a marked decrease .in reactivity as compared to the N-a-chlorobenzylidene-N'-phenylhydrazine case. Section 2 concerns itself with the preparation of heterocyclic compounds using an analogy of the five-membered transition state present in the Smiles rearrangement of a substituted benzylidene derivatives A new preparation of 2,4-phenyl1,3,4- oxadiazol-S-one using N-benzoyl-N'-phenylhydrazine and ethyl thiochloroformate is reported. Two new preparations of N-a-thiobenzoyl-N'-(2,4-dibromophenylhydrazine are reported using sodium hydrosulfide in conjunction with N-a-bromobenzylidene-N'-(2,4-dibromophenyl)hydrazine in the first, and phosphorus pentasulfide with N-benzoylN'-( 2,4-dibromophenyl)hydrazine in the second. The latter is preferred due to the formation of a sulfide co-product in the former. Two preparations of 2-phenyl-4-(2,4-dibromophenyl)-1,3,4- thiadiazol-S-one are reported using N-thiobenzoyl-N'-(2,4-dibromophenyl) hydrazine and ethyl chloroformate and ethyl thiochloroformate Two rapid and easy preparations of 2-phenyl-4-(2,4-dibromophenyl)- 1,3,4-triazol-S-one are reported using ethyl chloroformate and ethyl thiochloroformate. Sodium cyanate in conjunction with a-aminobenzylidene-N'-(2,4-dibromophenyl)hydrazine also provided 2-phenyl-4-(2,4-dibromophenyl)-1,3,4-triazol-S-one Section 2 concludes with an examination of two possible mechanistic routes to the prepared heterocycles.