Browsing M.Sc. Chemistry by Subject "Halogenation."
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The 21-dehydroxglation of corticosteroids of Eubacterium lentum and the dehalogenation of 4-chlorobenzoic acid by 4-chlorobenzoate dehalogenaseTwo enzyme mechanisms were investigated: the 21-dehydroxylation of corticosteroids by Eubacterium lentum and the dehalogenation of 4-chlorobenzoic acid by Pseudomonas sp. CBS 3. , Chemical and enzymic methods of reduction of 21-oxo steroids were used to generate C-21-d1 compounds of tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone, with both predominant stereochemistries. It was found that during the dehydroxylation the pro-S hydrogen at the C-21 position was lost preferentially. This suggests that the enzyme removes the pro-S hydrogen during binding to the active site as the ene-diol. To study the hydrolytic replacement of chlorine by hydroxyl , p-chlorobenzoic acid-d4 was prepared and sent to Germany for an ~ncubation with an enzyme preparation of 4-Chlorobenzo~te Dehalogenase. Results suggests the possible loss of deuterium during the conversion of p-chlorobenzoate to p-hydroxybenzoate, from all four ring positions. Many methods of preparing the control compound p-hydroxybenzoic acid-d4 were investigated.
Reactions of polyhalogenated aromatic compounds and related ethers with metal/ammonia solutionsThis work contains the results of a series of reduction studies on polyhalogenated aromatic compounds and related ethers using alkali metals in liquid ammonia. In general, polychlorobenzenes were reduced to t he parent aromatic hydrocarbon or to 1 ,4-cyc1ohexadiene, and dipheny1ethers were cleaved to the aroma tic hydrocarbon and a phenol. Chlorinated dipheny1ethers were r eductive1y dechlorinated in the process. For example, 4-chlorodipheny1- ether gave benzene and phenol. Pentach1orobenzene and certain tetrachlorobenzenes disproportionated to a fair degree during the reduction process if no added proton source was present. The disproportionation was attributed to a build-up of amide ion. Addition of ethanol completely suppressed the formation of any disproportionation products. In the reductions of certain dipheny1ethers , the reduction of one or both of the dipheny1ether rings occurred, along with the normal cleavage. This was more prevalent when lithium was the metal used . As a Sidelight, certain chloropheno1s were readily dechlorinated. In light of these results, the reductive detoxification of the chlorinated dibenzo-1,4-dioxins seems possible with alkali metals in l iquid ammonia.