• Fluorometric monitoring of the properties of proteins entrapped in sol-gel derived matrices

      Flora, Kulwinder.; Department of Chemistry (Brock University, 1998-07-09)
      The successful development of stable biosensors incorporating entrapped proteins suffers from poor understanding of the properties of the entrapped biomolecules. This thesis reports on the use of fluorescence spectroscopy to investigate the properties of proteins entrapped in sol-gel processed silicate materials. Two different single tryptophan (Trp) proteins were investigated in this thesis, the Ca2 + binding protein cod III parvalbumin (C3P) and the salicylate binding protein human serum albumin (HSA). Furthermore, the reactive single cysteine (Cys) residue within C3P and HSA were labelled with the probes iodoacetoxynitrobenzoxadiazole (C3P) and acrylodan (C3P and HSA) to further examine the structure, stability and function of the free and entrapped proteins. The results show that both C3P and HSA can be successfully entrapped into sol-gelderived matrices with retention of function and conformational flexibility.
    • Synthesis and characterization of BODIPY-α-tocopherol : a new ligand to explore the intracellular transfer of Vitamin E

      West, Ryan.; Department of Chemistry (Brock University, 2009-01-28)
      Since its discovery nearly a century ago, a-tocopherol (vitamin E) research has been mainly focused on its ability to terminate the cycle of lipid peroxidation in membranes. Nitrobenzoxadiazole fluorescent analogues were made previously to study the intracellular transfer of vitamin E in cells. However, these molecules were reportedly susceptible to photobleaching while under illumination for transfer assays and microscopy. Here is reported the synthesis of a series of fluorescent analogues of vitamin E incorporating the more robust dipyrrometheneboron difluoride fluorophore (BDP-a-Tocs; Aex = 507 nm, Aem = 511 nm). C8-BDP-a-Toc 42c, having an eight-carbon chain between the chromanol and fluorophore, wa<; shown to bind specifically to a-tocopherol transfer protein with a dissociation constant of approximately 100 nM. Another fluorescent analogue of vitamin E with a thienyl derivative of BODIPY that is excited and fluoresces at longer wavelengths (Aex = 561 nm, Aem = 570 nm) is in development.