Petrography, Petrochemistry and petrogenesis of Huronian volcanic rocks of the Elliot Lake region, Ontario
AuthorCumming, Bradley R.
KeywordGeology--Ontario--Elliot Lake Region.
Volcanic ash, tuff, etc.--Ontario--Elliot Lake Region.
Petrology--Ontario--Elliot Lake Region.
Petrogenesis--Ontario--Elliot Lake Region.
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AbstractIn the Elliot lake region of northern Ontario, Yolcanlc lava piles represent the lowermost units of the Huronian SUpergroup. These rocks general1y trend east-west and belong to the Elliot lake Group. They are s1tuated on the north and south limbs or the QuIrke lake Syncline. The volcanIc rocks of this study contain a secondary minerai assemblage consisting of actinolite, biotite, chlorIte, eptdote/cllnozoislte tttanomagnettte and calcite characteristic of greenschist metamorphism. Compilation of data suggests that metamorphism of the volcanic rocks proceeded between 325- and 425-C and between 2.4 and 4.7 kb. Geochemtcally these lavas represent tholeiitic and calc-alkaline assemblages. The tholeiites are character1sttcally enriched tn Fe and Tt and consist mainly of basalts, basaltic andesites and andesites. These rocks are believed to have formed by the partIal melting of a peridottte source at low P-T. In contrast, the calc-alkaline rocks are depleted in Fe and TI, but show a signIficant enrichment In 51 and Zr; andesIte Is the major rock type for thIs assemblage. I·t Is postUlated that the calc-alkalIne sU1te of rocks was the result of eIther the partIal meltIng of abasaltic·magma at shallow depth, or the melttng of s1al1c crustal materIal due to the added we1ght of tholeiitIc material on an unstable crust and to downwarplng processes Inttlated by convection cells.
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Memo to: Planning and Development Committee - Review of the Region's Urban Areas Boundaries - Response from Provincial Ministries to Regional Questions1976-03-31Questions and replies "concerning the procedures for implementing any reductions which may be accepted. A copy of the staff letter with these questions is attached as Appendix 1."
Environmental assessment of Lake Gibson sediments, water quality, and soils of the Niagara RegionPlacko, Joanne.; Department of Earth Sciences (Brock University, 1999-07-09)In light of the fact that literature on toxicity of heavy metals in non-acidified freshwater systems is sparse, this project was initiated to conduct an environmental assessment of Lake Gibson. Chemistry of soils from adjacent areas and vineyards in the region provide a comparative background database. Water quality determinations were used to identify and highlight areas of environmental concern within the Lake Gibson watershed. A Shelby Corer was used to obtain 66 sediment cores from Lake Gibson. These were sectioned according to lithology and color to yield 298 samples. A suite of 122 soil samples was collected in the region and vicinity of Lake Gibson. All were tested for metals and some for Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TPH). Evaluation of the results leads to the following conclusions: 1. Metal concentrations ofAI, Cd, Cu, Cr, Pb, Ni, Fe and Zn in soils from the Niagara Region are well below background limits set by the Ministry of the Environment and Energy (MOEE) for provincial soils. 2. There is a spatial and depth difference for some of the metals within the various soils. The Cr, Ni and Pb contents of soils vary throughout the region (p<O.05). In addition, Pb contents tend to be highest in surficial soil samples (p<O.05), an observation consistent with deposition by airborne particulates. 3. The Ni contents of sediments from Lake Gibson fall below the LEL (Lower Effect Level) guideline specified by the MOEE for aquatic ecosystems. 4. All other metal contents exceed the LEL, and in some instances they also exceed the SEL (Severe Effect Level) guideline. In this instance acute toxicity testing of 11 the sediments is required to assess impact on the aquatic biota. 5. Specifically, effluents and discharges from outfalls, roadways, railways and industrial activities are all degrading the local ecosystem. 6. Mineral oil and greases are a major environmental concern in the sediments of Lake Gibson. Ofthe 240 samples tested for TPH, 200 samples exceed the MOEE Open Water Disposal Guideline of 1,500 mg/kg. 7. Four areas within Lake Gibson are especially degraded with respect to TPH. One area is just downstream from the Old WeIland Canal divergence point and waterfall. Other areas of concern are located just south of Beaverdams Road and just west ofthe Ontario Hydro control pipes; south ofthe Village ofBeaverdams. The fourth area of environmental concern and TPH impact is located between Highway 406 and Merrittville Highway.
Niagara Region Hospital fonds, 1941-2003, n.d. (non-inclusive)Goul, Jen and Anne Adams (2010-11-09)This archive contains materials relating to the St. Catharines General Hospital, Welland County General Hospital, Greater Niagara General Hospital, West Lincoln Memorial Hospital and Hotel Dieu Hospital. Originally these materials were divided into two collections; first The St. Catharines General Hospital and second Hospitals, which contained all of the other hospitals in the region. The bulk of the materials are correspondence, meeting minutes and media releases. The materials have been kept in original order, except where noted.