Individual differences in naturally occurring affect predict conceptual breadth: evidence for the importance of arousal by valence interactions.
Journal titleCognitive research: principles and implications
Publication Begin page98
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractSeveral studies have investigated the effect of induced mood state on conceptual breadth (breadth and flexibility of thought). Early studies concluded that inducing a positive mood state broadened cognition, while inducing a negative mood state narrowed cognition. However, recent reports have suggested that valence and arousal can each influence conceptual breadth. Individual differences in affective dispositions may bias perceptions, thoughts, and behaviors and, in turn, may be biased by them. Here, we examine whether individual differences in valence and arousal dimensions of self-reported, naturally occurring affect relate to conceptual breadth (using the Remote Associates Test, the Object Categorization Task, and the Alternative Uses Task), with no mood manipulations or cues. The three conceptual breadth tasks loaded onto a latent conceptual breadth factor that was predicted significantly by the interaction of valence and arousal. For participants low in arousal, greater positive affect was associated with greater conceptual breadth. For participants high in arousal, greater positive affect was associated with reduced conceptual breadth. In contrast to most existing theories of conceptual breadth that highlight the importance of valence or arousal alone, the present results suggest that the interaction between arousal and valence is key to predicting individual differences in conceptual breadth. We posit that positive mood states predict greater conceptual breadth in the presence of low versus high arousal due to a relaxation of cognitive control under low arousal.
- The exploration-exploitation trade-off in a foraging task is affected by mood-related arousal and valence.
- Authors: van Dooren R, de Kleijn R, Hommel B, Sjoerds Z
- Issue date: 2021 Jun
- The influence of valence and motivation dimensions of affective states on attentional breadth and the attentional blink.
- Authors: Chan HM, Saunders JA
- Issue date: 2023 Jan
- Cognitive-motivational determinants of fat food consumption in overweight and obese youngsters: the implicit association between fat food and arousal.
- Authors: Craeynest M, Crombez G, Koster EH, Haerens L, De Bourdeaudhuij I
- Issue date: 2008 Sep
- The relation between valence and arousal in subjective experience.
- Authors: Kuppens P, Tuerlinckx F, Russell JA, Barrett LF
- Issue date: 2013 Jul
- What are the influences of orthogonally-manipulated valence and arousal on performance monitoring processes? The effects of affective state.
- Authors: Larson MJ, Gray AC, Clayson PE, Jones R, Kirwan CB
- Issue date: 2013 Mar