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dc.contributor.authorCameron, Chantal
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-31T19:45:48Z
dc.date.available2022-08-31T19:45:48Z
dc.date.issued2022-08-31
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/16538
dc.descriptionMark Hartmann was born on August 21, 1985. In 1988, at the age of 3, he was diagnosed with autism. Mark’s parents, Joseph and Roxana Hartmann, spent a great deal of time learning about the disorder. They discovered that inclusion in education was important for children with autism. Inclusion helped children with autism learn basic skills and better prepared them to live in society. Accordingly, the Hartmanns sought educational opportunities for Mark that would place him in an inclusive setting. He attended Grade 1 at Butterfield Elementary School in Lombard, Illinois, where he was successfully included in a Grade 1 classroom. The following year the Hartmanns relocated to Ashburn, Virginia because of a work transfer. Despite a great deal of planning and preparation, Mark’s year in Grade 2 at Ashburn Elementary School in Virginia was not a success. The Hartmanns felt that Mark was not receiving the necessary supports from school administrators, and that school staff had not received adequate training on working with children with autism. The Hartmanns made continued efforts to work with the school to find solutions, but the Loudoun County School Board initiated a Due Process suit against the Hartmanns in 1994 that would remove Mark from the inclusive classroom and place him in a segregated classroom for children with autism. This was the beginning of several years of litigation between the Hartmanns and the Loudoun County School Board. The hearing officer in the Due Process hearing sided with the School Board and ordered that Mark be placed in a segregated classroom. The Hartmanns appealed this decision and in November 1996 Judge Leonie Brinkema ruled in favour of the Hartmanns and contradicted earlier findings. She noted that Mark received significant educational benefits in a regular classroom setting with the help of an aide and adapted curriculum, and was not more disruptive than his peers when properly managed. This would be the only legal victory that the Hartmanns achieved. Legal proceedings continued as further appeals were filed. The case ultimately ended in the United States Supreme Court in 1997, although the Court declined to hear the case. The case was highly publicized and received national news coverage, drawing the public’s attention to the issue of inclusive education and the rights of the disabled. The Hartmanns received support from many advocates within the disability and educational communities. When the Loudoun County School Board appealed Judge Brinkema’s decision, 18 organizations, including the Department of Education and the Department of Justice, filed Amicus Curiae (friends of the court) briefs in support of Judge Brinkema’s decision. While the legal proceedings continued over the course of several years, the Hartmanns remained committed to providing Mark with an inclusive education. Unable to do this within the school district they resided in, Roxana relocated with Mark to Blacksburg, Virginia, 230 miles away from their family home in Ashburn. The Montgomery County Public School Board provided Mark with the inclusive education that the Hartmanns were seeking and he successfully continued his education there until his graduation from high school in 2004. After his graduation, Mark attended the University of Virginia Tech as a participant in the on-campus transition program between high school and the workplace. He took a variety of courses at the College and earned a B+ average. Although Mark is non-verbal and uses augmentative communication to express himself, he was able to successfully complete his education in an inclusive setting, has had several jobs, and has been featured as a self-advocate and presenter at conferences on disabilities. In 2010 Roxana and Joseph Hartmann wrote a book about their experience titled A Live Controversy: a story of autism and a family’s determination.en_US
dc.description.abstractFonds contains material related to Mark Hartmann, an autistic individual, and a legal challenge for his inclusion in a regular classroom in Virginia in the mid-1990s. Mark was in Grade 3 when the legal proceedings began. The case was drawn out for many years and reached the Supreme Court of the United States in 1997. The Supreme Court declined to hear the case and the Hartmanns ultimately lost their legal battle, however, they relocated Mark to a different school district in Virginia where he was successfully included in a regular classroom. Most of the material is legal documents and education documents. The legal documents include court proceedings, decisions, transcripts, and exhibits. The education documents include Mark’s schoolwork, progress reports, and Individualized Education Plans (IEP). Other materials include correspondence, news clippings, video and audio cassettes, DVDs, and a USB drive.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries;RG 791
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universal*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/*
dc.subjectMark Hartmannen_US
dc.subjectInclusive Educationen_US
dc.subjectAutismen_US
dc.titleMark Hartmann fonds, 1982-2007, n.d.en_US
dc.typeOtheren_US
refterms.dateFOA2022-08-31T19:45:48Z


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