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dc.contributor.authorDuncan, Kristy D. M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-06-15T17:00:29Z
dc.date.available2009-06-15T17:00:29Z
dc.date.issued2006-06-15T17:00:29Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/1590
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The influence of environment in the development of overweight and obesity is an ongoing concern. This investigation examined the influence of urbanization on the rates of childhood overweight and obesity. Method: 2167 (1090M, 1077F) grade four children from 75 schools in Ontario's Niagara Region were sampled. A sophisticated algorithm overlaying electoral boundaries, population densities, and the knowledge of community members was used to classify schools into one of three location categories: urban {N= 1588), urban fringe {N= 379), and rural (A^= 234). Each subject was measured for: height, weight, and aerobic performance (Leger). Physical activity was evaluated with the self-report Participation Questionnaire (free-time and organized sport activities), and teacher's evaluations of student activity. Overweight (overweight and obesity combined) was measured both as a continuous (BMI) and categorical variable (BMI category), to evaluate the prevalence by location. A multivariate analysis was used to test for a suppression effect. Results: BMI and BMI category did not differ significantly by location or gender, and no evidence of a gender interaction existed. According to both a linear and logistic regression, physical activity or fitness levels did not suppress the influence of location on BMI and BMI category. Age, gender, free-time activity, organized sports, fitness level, and number of siblings, were all found to significantly influence overweight. Conclusions: It is plausible that the prevalence of overweight does not differ in urban and rural children from the Niagara Region. Further investigation is recommended, examining subjects by individual location of residence, in multiple regions throughout Ontario.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBrock Universityen_US
dc.subjectOverweight childrenen_US
dc.subjectObesity in childrenen_US
dc.subjectCity childrenen_US
dc.subjectRural childrenen_US
dc.subjectHuman beingsen_US
dc.subjectUrban health.en_US
dc.titlePrevalence of overweight and obesity in children from urban and rural Niagaraen_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.degree.nameM.Sc. Applied Health Sciencesen_US
dc.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.departmentApplied Health Sciences Programen_US


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