Parent Training in Multicomponent Behavioural Interventions to Reduce Challenging Behaviours in Children with ASD: A Scoping Review
MetadataShow full item record
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate challenging behaviours including aggression, noncompliance, and self-injury. Applied behaviour analysis (ABA) has been shown to be effective for reducing these challenging behaviours in children with ASD through various strategies including reinforcement, extinction, or a combination of methods. Previous research has shown that parents can be trained to effectively implement ABA- based interventions with their child in order to address skill deficits and behaviour excesses, including problem behaviour. Reviews examining single-case design studies (which allow for the examination of outcomes for individual participants and are highly prevalent in the behaviour analytic literature) of parent training and parent- implemented interventions to reduce problem behaviour are lacking. The present study conducted a comprehensive review of single case design studies of parent training on multicomponent ABA-based interventions to reduce problem behaviour in children with ASD. Results indicate strengths and weaknesses of the current literature with respect to scientific rigour and risk of bias. Parent and child demographics, the method of parent training, the nature of parent-implemented interventions, the topography and function of child challenging behaviours, and the presence of follow-up and social validity information are described for each study. Strengths and limitations of the current review are discussed, and future directions are suggested.