• Globalization, Neoliberalism, and International Student Enrolments in Higher Education: Expanding Global Interconnectedness and Academic Commodification

      Martin, Jacinda
      The last 20 years has witnessed a dramatic surge in international student enrolments around the world. Canada has been among the countries that have experienced some of the most significant increases international enrolments in college and university postsecondary educational institutions. This major research paper explores this trend and critically reviews the growing body of literature that seeks to explain this growth phenomenon. While the growth of the number students travelling the world in search of educational opportunities is, indeed, a global trend, the movement is largely from key developing nations to a smaller number of English-speaking, Western, wealthy capitalist countries. While for some scholars and commentators this movement is understood as part of the internationalization of all nations as part of the process of globalization, others see it as imbricated in the neoliberal project that has contributed to the corporatization of higher education and the commodification of knowledge within Western, capitalist nations. I review this debate with specific reference to data and examples from the province of Ontario, Canada.
    • Health Impacts of Local and Chinese Small-Scale Gold Mining Operations on Ghanaian Communities

      Agyei, Robert
      The influx of Chinese miners in Ghana’s small-scale gold mining sector has encouraged a large body of research examining the deleterious impacts of gold mining on the environment. However, there is sparse literature concentrating on the health impacts of gold mining. This research therefore examines the health impacts of local and Chinese small-scale gold mining operations on Ghanaian communities. The research employs both qualitative and quantitative data and utilizes the theory of environmental justice as the framework for analyzing and creating ways to explore the health impacts of local and Chinese small-scale gold mining operations. The study found that both large-scale and small-scale gold mining are highly associated with environmental pollution in mining communities. The Chinese introduction of high-tech machines to quicken the production of gold has exacerbated the rate of environmental pollution in mining communities. Also, both scales of gold mining, in addition to Chinese mining activities, have negatively impacted the health of mining communities. Inhabitants of mining communities bear the brunt of poor sanitation, pollution, diseases, injuries and deaths. The research illuminates the environmental and health impacts of gold mining engendered by both local and Chinese miners in Ghanaian communities.
    • The Sakawa Boys: A Critique of Policing of Cybercrime in Ghana.

      Akuako, Edward
      Cybercrime, especially cybercrime related to online romance scams has increased exponentially in Ghana (Alhassan & Ridwan, 2021; Baylon & Antwi-Boasiako, 2016). As a result, the government of Ghana has deployed various traditional policing strategies to control this form of crime. However, these traditional policing strategies remain repressive and reactive and are unable to control Sakawa- related activities effectively in the country. This paper draws upon a Human Security framework as a reflective of a non-traditional policing strategy to tackle the root form of this crime which is mainly poverty created by the country’s implementation of the Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) and neoliberal economics