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dc.contributor.authorShort, Lindsey A.
dc.contributor.authorLee, Kang
dc.contributor.authorGenyue, Fu
dc.contributor.authorMondloch, Catherine J.
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-18T15:14:04Z
dc.date.available2019-09-18T15:14:04Z
dc.date.issued2014-10
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Experimental Child Psychology Volume 126, October 2014, Pages 161-177en_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-0965
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/14513
dc.description.abstractAdults’ expertise in face recognition has been attributed to norm-based coding. Moreover, adults possess separable norms for a vari-ety of face categories (e.g., race, sex, age) that appear to enhancerecognition by reducing redundancy in the information shared byfaces and ensuring that only relevant dimensions are used toencode faces from a given category. Although 5-year-old childrenprocess own-race faces using norm-based coding, little is knownabout the organization and refinement of their face space. The cur-rent study investigated whether 5-year-olds rely on category-spe-cific norms and whether experience facilitates the development ofdissociable face prototypes. In Experiment 1, we examinedwhether Chinese 5-year-olds show race-contingent opposing after-effects and the extent to which aftereffects transfer across face raceamong Caucasian and Chinese 5-year-olds. Both participant racesshowed partial transfer of aftereffects across face race; however,there was no evidence for race-contingent opposing aftereffects.To examine whether experience facilitates the development of cat-egory-specific prototypes, we investigated whether race-contin-gent aftereffects are present among Caucasian 5-year-olds withabundant exposure to Chinese faces (Experiment 2) and thentested separate groups of 5-year-olds with two other categorieswith which they have considerable experience: sex (male/femalefaces) and age (adult/child faces) (Experiment 3). Across all threecategories, 5-year-olds showed no category-contingent opposingaftereffects. These results demonstrate that 5 years of age is a stagecharacterized by minimal separation in the norms and associated oding dimensions used for faces from different categories andsuggest that refinement of the mechanisms that underlie expertface processing occurs throughout childhood.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Ltden_US
dc.subjectAftereffectsen_US
dc.subjectNorm-based codingen_US
dc.subjectChildren's face spaceen_US
dc.subjectExperienceen_US
dc.subjectCategory-specific prototypesen_US
dc.subjectRaceen_US
dc.titleCategory-specific face prototypes are emerging, but not yet mature, in 5-year-old childrenen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
refterms.dateFOA2021-08-18T01:50:57Z


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