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dc.contributor.authorRafiq, Talha
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-27T15:07:36Z
dc.date.available2018-09-27T15:07:36Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/13704
dc.description.abstractIt is well established in the literature that there is an association among adults between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and arterial stiffness, and between arterial stiffness and cardiovascular disease. However, recent cross-sectional evidence suggests that ACEs may play an important role in the development and progression of arterial stiffness, but it remains unclear when these changes begin to manifest. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between ACEs and arterial stiffness from childhood into adulthood using population-based longitudinal data. A total of 76 young adults (females = 44), with an average age of 21 years (SD = 1) were included in this study. Overall, a total of 71 respondents reported to have experienced at least one ACE. The findings of this study showed ACEs-exposed individuals have a greater increase in arterial stiffness over time from childhood into young adulthood. This increase was similar for both males and females. Also, differences in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, and physical activity did not mediate the relationship between ACEs and arterial stiffness over time. It is therefore important to recognize individuals with exposure to ACEs early on in life in an effort to lower the risk of arterial stiffness and in turn the cascade of events leading to cardiovascular disease.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBrock Universityen_US
dc.subjectArterial Stiffness, Adverse Childhood Experiencesen_US
dc.titleRelationship between adverse childhood experiences and arterial stiffness over time from childhood into early adulthooden_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.degree.nameM.Sc. Applied Health Sciencesen_US
dc.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.departmentApplied Health Sciences Programen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Applied Health Sciencesen_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-09-25T00:00:00Z


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