• The Motive Power of Niagara Falls

      1878
      The brief article discusses the plan to "use the Fall to make compressed air, which is to be the means of transmitting motion to a distance." It also discusses the "practical working of the machinery" in a step by step process.
    • The New Niagara

      Hartt, Rollin Lynde (n.d.)
      The article discusses the building up of the area around Niagara Falls due to the "new era of electricity". The author describes the ways in which they are surrounded by the benefits of electrical power, "This plunging elevator is driven by power from Niagara Falls; the lights in these sunless nooks are lighted by it; you stop in the lobby to pick up a newspaper printed by Niagara electricity; and now you step out in the street, hold up a finger, and halt a buff-colored trolley propelled by the cataract. Such are signs of the times. The power also swings the grating derricks of the shipyard, turns the wheels of gristmills, pumps wheat into a towering granary, moves mighty congeries of machinery, runs sewing-machines, and even bakes hot cross buns in an aforetime-steam bakery. Buffalonians, long accustomed to send up black incense in worship of James Watt, have lately lighted a row of incandescent candles upon an altar dedicated to Edison and Tesla".
    • Niagara

      Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer; Castaigne (pictures), A. (1899)
      The article describes Niagara Falls and the surrounding areas, including: The American Fall in Winter, Suspension Bridge, Niagara River, The Crest of the American Fall, the "Maid of the Mist", Goat Island, Prospect Park, The Horseshoe Falls from the Canadian side.
    • Niagara - Harper's New Monthly Magazine

      1853-08
      A descriptive journey around Niagara Falls. The article includes illustrations of "The Falls from above, on the Canada shore", "The Horseshoe Falls, From near the ferry, Canada shore", "The Tower, From near the ferry, Canada shore", "The Horseshoe Fall, from Bass rock", "The American and Horseshoe Falls, from Prospect Point", "The American Rapids, From the bridge", "The American Falls, from Hog's Back", "Horse-Shoe Fall, From below the Tower", "Entrance to Cave of the Winds", "The Tower, from the Head of the Bridge", "The Hermit's Cascade", "The Suspension Bridge, From the Maid of the Mist", "Bank below the Whirlpool", "The Whirlpool, from the Canada side", "The American Fall by moonlight", "Winter view at Niagara".
    • Niagara - The Scene of Perilous Feats

      Dunlop, Orrin E. (1902)
      An article describing the many "perilous feats" performed at Niagara Falls. Some of the stunts/performers mentioned include: Hazlett and Sarah Allen, Steve Peere, Harry Colcord, Monsier Blondin, Maria Spelterina, Maud Willard, Signor Farine, Rowland McMullen, Signor Balleni, Harry Leslie, John Dixon, Clifford M. Alverley, James E. Hardy, J.F. Jenkins, Captain Joel Robinson, Martha Wagenfuhrer, Matthew Webb, Charles D. Graham, William Potts, W.J. Kendall, Charles A. Percy, Peter Nissen, S.J. Dickson, Robert William Flack, Walter G. Campbell, Mrs. Taylor.
    • Niagara as a Timepiece

      Spencer, J.W. (Appletons' Popular Science Monthly, May 1896, pp.1-20., 1896-05)
      The article discusses the history of Niagara Falls, including the narrative of Hennepin in 1697. Also mentioned are the methods of calculating the age of Niagara Falls, "All attempts at reducing geological time to solar years meet with great difficulties, yet Niagara Falls have been used as a chronometer as frequently as any other natural phenomenon, and indeed Niagara is perhaps the best measurer that we have. Andrew Ellicott (in 1790) divided the length of the gorge by the supposed rate of recession of the falls, and assigned fifty-five thousand years as the age of the cataract. Forty years later Bakewell reduced the time to twelve thousand years, and a few years afterward Lyell's estimate of thirty-six thousand years became popular and remained so until about fifteen years ago. This method of dividing the length of the chasm by the rate of recession was correct as far as it went, but even the rate was not then known."
    • Niagara at the Battle Front

      Showalter, William Joseph (1917)
      The article discusses the harnessing of the Falls for power, but also "the artificial abrasive industry. How much its success means to America cannot be overestimated. Take the grinding machinery out of the automobile factories, remove it from the munition plants, eliminate it from the locomotive works, car foundries, and machine shops of the country and you would paralyze the nation's whole industrial system. And that would have happened ere now had not Niagara's artificial abrasives stepped in to save the day when the war shut out our natural supply of emery and corundum from Asia Minor."
    • Niagara Falls Already Ruined

      Adams, Alton D. (1906)
      The article begins with the statement "Niagara Falls are already ruined!" and goes on to say "it is to be considered that the American Falls are in much more imminent danger than the Canadian. The pipe line, canal, and tunnels that already pierce the cliffs between the upper river and Niagara Gorge, are large enough in themselves to carry twice the amount of water which runs over the American Falls." The following are sections of the article: Quick Action Needed, Question of Revenue, Deepen American Channel, American and Canadian Falls Compared, Proposed Line of New Channel, Dry Niagara, The Burton Resolution.
    • Niagara Falls and Their History

      Gilbert, G.K. (1895-09)
      An article about Niagara Falls, describing the following: The Drainage System, The Two Plains, The River and the Gorge, The Recession of the Cataract, Development of the Laurentian Lakes, The Whirlpool, Time"
    • Niagara Falls, 1852

      1852
      A brief description of the natural beauty of Niagara Falls. The description of the Falls begins to explain waterway system, "The Interior of America north of the source of the Mississippi is an elevated plain, from which flow countless rivers. Those which run eastward, collect themselves in and around Canada in five broad basins, and form the largest lakes of the western Continent: - Lake Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie and Ontario. They are connected with each other by the descending river, which as it emerges from lake Ontario, [the latter lies about three hundred and fifty feet lower than the former,] is called the Niagara."
    • Niagara River, Gorge and Falls

      Hovey, H.C. (1886-09-11)
      The article discusses Professor Woodward's findings/formula of erosion at the Horseshoe Falls. Later in the article, Dr. Pohlman's views are also discussed.
    • The Over-Song of Niagara

      Logan, J.D. (1907-05-09)
      A song about the strength of the Falls, "Why stand ye, nurslings of Earth, before my gates, Mouthing aloud my glory and my thrall? Are ye alone the playthings of the fates, And only ye o'ershadowed with a pall? Turn from this spectacle of strength unbound-"
    • The Passing of Niagara

      Hartt, Mary B. (1901)
      The article begins by discussing the "green solitude" that existed at the time of Father Hennepin's first views of Niagara Falls. The article then starts to discuss the changes occurring as more power companies are involved, "For since 1886 it has been busily granting to all who asked practically unlimited right to divert the waters of the Niagara River above the Falls. Seven power companies have been organized since that date: The Niagara Falls Power Company, with the right to divert water sufficient to produce two hundred thousand horse-power, or 7,719, 360 gallons per minute, or six per cent of the total amount going over the Falls...And all these amazing privileges the open-handed State has dispensed without exacting so much as a penny in compensation for the enormously valuable franchises. It is no fault of the State Legislature that, for lack of capital or enterprise, some of these companies have allowed their charters to lapse, while others have been bought up by the Niagara Falls Power Company, so that but one company is in actual operation to-day - one, that is, besides the old Hydraulic Power Company, established in 1862, which originally held no grant from the State."
    • Photograph - The Royal Colonial Tour: The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall at Niagara Falls, 1901

      Miller, C.A. (1901-10-13)
      A photograph captioned "The Royal Colonial Tour: The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall at Niagara Falls, October 13." The photograph shows a large group of fifteen individuals standing in front of the rapids of Niagara Falls.
    • The Power by-law

      Ellis, P.W.; White, W.T. (1907-12-27)
      These are "proceedings at a special evening meeting of the Canadian club, at which the City Council of Toronto and the Electrical Development Company each provided a speaker to discuss 'The Power by-law' Mr. P.W. Ellis spoke in favor of the measure, while Mr. W. T. White spoke against it. The President, Mr. John Turnball, presided."
    • The Preservation of Niagara/The Niagara Gorge as a Chronometer/Niagara Falls Considered as a Source of Electrical Energy

      Wright, G. Frederick; Trowbridge, John (1885-05-15)
      Three entries in the publication Science: "The Preservation of Niagara", "The Niagara Gorge as a Chronometer", and "Niagara Falls considered as a Source of Electrical Energy". The first article mentions a group of individuals that worked to preserve Niagara, "Through the efforts of this Niagara-Falls association, an act was passed, in 1883, providing for a commission entitled 'The commissioners of the state reservation at Niagara and giving them power to proceed through the courts to condemn the lands needed. Ex-Lieut.-Gov. William Dorsheimer is the president of this board; and the other members are President Anderson of Rochester university, Hon. J. Hampden Robb, Hon. Sherman S. Rogers, and Andrew H. Green. With some modifications, they adopted the plan proposed by the state survey." The second article discusses the recession of the falls and how it has changed over many years. Included in the descriptions of changes to the landscape are two diagrams. The first is captioned "Section of the Strata along the Niagara River, From Lake Ontario to the Falls", and the second is "Falls of Niagara" showing a preglacial channel. The third article discusses the use of Niagara Falls for energy, "...the utilization of the energy of Niagara Falls as a source of light apply also to the question of the electrical transmission of power, with this exception, that the electrical transmission of power has not reached even the perfection which systems of electrical lighting have attained."
    • The Queen Victoria Niagara Falls Park

      1897
      The article discusses the beauty of Queen Victoria Park and the recent Commissioners' Report which included "numerous illustrations, giving some of the most striking views both of the Falls and of the park...". Also mentioned, is the work of the ex-Governor-General, Lord Dufferin, "In the summer of 1878, on the occasion of a casual meeting with the then Governor of the State of New York, Lord Dufferin suggested joint action by the Government of that State and the Government of Ontario in order to rescue this glorious wonder of nature from the clutches of the vandals who, for their sordid purposes, were rapidly destroying all the natural beauties of the scene... On the 2nd of March, 1880, a memorial signed by nearly seven hundred literary and scientific men in England, the United States and Canada, was presented simultaneously to the Governor-General of Canada and the Governor of the State of New York, invoking the united action of both in carrying out Lord Dufferin's proposal."
    • The Romance of Transmission

      Stratton, George Frederic (1908-05)
      This article is describes the aesthetic elements of Niagara Falls and aspects and those related to the power company. The author uses detail to describe the hydro towers, for example: "The construction of this line, is of a highly developed and very substantial character. For the greater portion steel towers are used instead of the usual poles, and the ordinary span is five hundred and fifty feet, although at certain crossings of small lakes or swamps spans up to twelve hundred and fifty feet are found. The conducting cables are of aluminum, the largest consisting of nineteen strands. The insulators used on this, as on all other high voltage lines, are surprisingly large compared with those used commonly to support telegraph or lighting wires."
    • "The Scheme for Saving Life at Niagara" - The Graphic, 1898

      1898-04-02
      The article called "The Scheme for Saving Life at Niagara: A Life Saver at Niagara" discusses the number of "fatal accidents at Niagara Falls of late". It mentions the number of boats that become caught in the rapids and eventually end up over the falls. The proposed solution to the problem involves both New York State and the Ontario Government "stretching across the river a light iron cable at a point just below the line of navigation and just above the head of Goat Island, where the waters part. It is proposed to secure the cable just above the water by a number of buoys, and the supply the whole length with incandescent electric lights to mark its course at night".
    • The Seven Travelers at Niagara

      1859-03
      A short story telling of seven travelers to Niagara Falls and sites and sounds they encounter on their journey. The end of the story describes Niagara as "Stupendous as is the actual, the idea involved is even greater. In a mere physical point of view nothing is more magnificent. The water which foams and sparkles at your feet, which mounts to the sky in sheets of foam, or disports itself in rainbows, is a visitant from the far-off Andes. It has floated over that vast inland sea, Superior; past the pictured rocks, where the spirit of the storm, sleeping in the vast caverns beneath, is heard to breathe and gurgle, till the voyager is filled with terror lest he awake and find them shelterless. It has circled the Michigan, heaved the Indian canoe upon the mighty Huron, floated along the Erie, and now it comes thundering down the rapids of Niagara, never to rest till the St. Lawrence conducts it oceanward, there to resume its eternal cycles, and again to pour itself over Niagara."