• "A Day at Niagara" - Demorest's Family Magazine

      Johnston, Frances Benjamin (1893-08)
      An article describing the wonder of Niagara Falls and the many sites and sounds that surround it. Included is a map of Niagara Falls and some photographs/illustrations that include: Goat Island, The American Falls, Horseshoe Fall from Goat Island, General View of Niagara Falls, Horseshoe Fall from Goat Island, Park Phaeton, Rapids above American Falls, The Road to the Cave of the Winds (under the bridal veil), Guide and Costumes for Cave of the Winds, Three Sisters and Little Brother Islands, Bridge to Three Sisters Islands, Indian Women Selling Beadwork, The "Maid of the Mist" under Suspension Bridge, The Whirlpool, Cantilever Bridge, American Falls from The Canadian side, Above the Falls from the Canadian shore, Niagara Falls by moonlight, Below the American Falls in Winter, Trees draped with frozen spray.
    • The Diversion of the Niagara

      Brown, Curtis (1894-09)
      The article discusses the way in which the Falls is being diverted to create power. The article mentions, "It is not an exaggeration to say that the first receipt of Niagara Falls power in Buffalo will mark an epoch in the history of the development of electricity. That moment will determine, approximately, how far great currents of electricity can be carried by the latest methods, without a loss from the wires sufficient to make the cost of the current equal the cost of steam-power. Upon this test depends largely the question whether Niagara power shall be sent broadcast through half a dozen states, or whether it shall be confined to western New York, and the result will be looked forward to with anxious expectation."
    • The Electrical Features of Niagara

      The article includes "facts and figures about Niagara" and is discusses the following: The Niagara Falls Power Company, The Niagara Falls-Buffalo Power Transmission Line, The Niagara Falls and Lewiston Railway, Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power and Manufacturing Company, The Carborundum Company, The Electrical manufacture of Sodium, Other Uses of Niagara Power, Present and Future. Also included are maps of the following: Conduit from Power House to Transformer Station, Section of Canal Wall at Bridge Abutment, Power Development in Q.V.N.F.
    • Electrical Transmission at Niagara Falls

      Foster, Horatio A. (1895-01)
      The article details the process of the Niagara Power Company and how it began with "a charter for the Niagara Falls Power Co. was obtained from the Legislature on March 31, 1886, by citizens of Niagara Falls; but there being no available capital at hand, nothing was done until 1889, in June of which year the Cataract Construction Company was formed by Francis Lynde Stetson, Edward A. Wickes and William B. Rankine, all of New York City. On July 5th of the same year, having secured the necessary capital, the Cataract Construction Company contracted with the Niagara Falls Power Company to construct all the necessary works and plant for developing and utilizing the first 100,000 H.P. of the great water power."
    • The Enslaving of Niagara

      MacDonald Oxley, J. (1903)
      The article discusses the harnessing of Niagara Falls for its power use. The article begins discussing 1889 when the "Cataract Construction Company, an American corporation, whereof Mr. William B. Rankine, of New York, was the leading spirit, and had associated with him such men of money and brains as Francis Lynde Stetson, J. Pierpont Morgan, D. O. Mills, Morris K. Jessup, W. K. Vanderbilt and John Jacob Astor." The author then discusses the development of other companies, "while the Canadian Niagara Power Company is the first in the field it is by no means alone on the Ontario bank for two other companies, viz., the Ontario Power Company and the Toronto and Niagara Power Company are hard at work getting into shape for business. Of these the first names is a purely American concern, and the second a purely Canadian one, Mr. William Mackenzie, of Mackenzie & Mann, Colonel Pellatt, and Mr. Frederic Nicholls being the leading spirits. The Ontario Power Company first proposed to build an open canal from the Welland River, above Chippewa, to a point near Queen Victoria Park, and thence conduct the water in pipes laid underground to their power-house, which is to situated at the foot of the cliff, not far below Table Rock, the used water then falling into the river directly without any tail-race tunnel being required. The company intends to develop, at least, 100,000 horse-power, but its works can hardly be complete for a couple of years yet. Finally there is the Toronto and Niagara Power Company, whose intake and power-house will be upon the same spot at a location about half-way between the intakes of the other two companies, while the tunnel to carry off the used water will be cut through the rock under the bed of the river until it comes out at a point somewhere beneath the Horse-Shoe Falls themselves".
    • An eye Sketch of the Falls of Niagara

      Stockdale, J. (1798-11-16)
      A map titled "An eye Sketch of the Falls of Niagara". The map shows Lake Ontario to Lake Erie and both the Canadian and American sides of the Niagara River.
    • A Few Remarks About the Niagara Gorge

      Buck, L.L. (1894)
      The author analyzes the gorge by dividing it into six parts and studying those portions of the gorge separately. The article then concludes that "at whatever point the falls have been, the river above them has spread over a much greater width than that of the present gorge, and that the falls themselves always left the gorge narrower than we now find it, to be afterward widened by atmospheric influences." Included in this article is a folded map that includes the Niagara River, Chippewa, Clifton and Niagara Falls.
    • Harnessing Niagara

      Forbes, George (1895-10)
      The author mentions his role in the engineering work to do with the power companies at Niagara Falls. At the conclusion of the article he mentions, "If required, the power could be sent much more than a hundred miles, and still be more economical than steam, even though coal is cheap there. In countries where power is much wanted, but very costly, the electrical transmission will be successful at distances of many hundreds of miles."
    • How Niagara's Power Will be Utilized

      Sellers, Coleman (1891-09)
      The article discusses the power that can be produced using Niagara Falls. The author mentions "The theoretical value of the water that passes over the crest of this mighty dam has been represented as requiring all the coal that is now being mined in the world daily burned as fuel to make steam sufficient to pump back the same quantity of water. All the industries of American could be operated by this power, if it could be wholly transmitted."
    • How the Power Companies Beautify Niagara

      McFarland, J. Horace (1906-10)
      The article begins by discussing that over a year previously, "the readers of The Ladies' Home Journal were urged to act for Niagara preservation an international way of appealing to President Roosevelt, and to Earl Grey of Canada". The article describes how the public wrote to their government to preserve the beauty of Niagara. They fought to limit the amount of diversion allowed and continue to ask that "all companies, American and Canadian, receiving these valuable permits, to exercise due regard for the scenic grandeur at Niagara's majesty..."
    • Hydro-Electric Enterprise in Canada

      Nunn, Paul C. (1906-03)
      The article includes maps and diagrams and plans of the Ontario Power Company. Some of the maps/diagrams include: Plan of Ontario Power Company's Intake Works, Screen House and Promenade, Section through Gate House, Relative Water Levels, Section through Generating and Distribution Stations, Section through Valve Chamber and Helical Spillway, Section through Generating Station, Section Detail of Horizontal Turbine, Plan of Electrical Works, Section through Transormer Room.
    • Illustration - Brock Memorial Church of St. Saviour, Queenston, Ont.

      Townsend, S.H. (1891)
      An illustration of the Brock memorial Church of St. Saviour, Queenston, Ont.
    • Industrial Niagara/Wind as a Motive Power in the United States

      Abbott Vaughan, Arthur; Waldo, Frank (1895)
      The article discusses the industrialization of the area surrounding the power development. Also mentioned is the process of transmitting the power, "...it is necessary, in order to attain requisite economy, to raise the electrical pressure to 20,000 or even 50,000 volts, and to build the most perfect and substantial transmission lines. This part of the plant is as yet entirely incomplete, though the designs have been prepared with the greatest care and forethought. As the Niagara plant has received the attention of the best engineering talent in the world, and as the work has been prosecuted so slowly and thoroughly that experience is able to rectify errors as they occur, scientific success is assured. So it is the commercial aspect that is at once the most interesting and problematical. To what distance from Niagara can the Cataract Company deliver power, in competition with steam?"
    • The Motive Power of Niagara Falls

      The brief article discusses the plan to "use the Fall to make compressed air, which is to be the means of transmitting motion to a distance." It also discusses the "practical working of the machinery" in a step by step process.
    • The New Niagara

      Hartt, Rollin Lynde (n.d.)
      The article discusses the building up of the area around Niagara Falls due to the "new era of electricity". The author describes the ways in which they are surrounded by the benefits of electrical power, "This plunging elevator is driven by power from Niagara Falls; the lights in these sunless nooks are lighted by it; you stop in the lobby to pick up a newspaper printed by Niagara electricity; and now you step out in the street, hold up a finger, and halt a buff-colored trolley propelled by the cataract. Such are signs of the times. The power also swings the grating derricks of the shipyard, turns the wheels of gristmills, pumps wheat into a towering granary, moves mighty congeries of machinery, runs sewing-machines, and even bakes hot cross buns in an aforetime-steam bakery. Buffalonians, long accustomed to send up black incense in worship of James Watt, have lately lighted a row of incandescent candles upon an altar dedicated to Edison and Tesla".
    • Niagara

      Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer; Castaigne (pictures), A. (1899)
      The article describes Niagara Falls and the surrounding areas, including: The American Fall in Winter, Suspension Bridge, Niagara River, The Crest of the American Fall, the "Maid of the Mist", Goat Island, Prospect Park, The Horseshoe Falls from the Canadian side.
    • Niagara - Harper's New Monthly Magazine

      A descriptive journey around Niagara Falls. The article includes illustrations of "The Falls from above, on the Canada shore", "The Horseshoe Falls, From near the ferry, Canada shore", "The Tower, From near the ferry, Canada shore", "The Horseshoe Fall, from Bass rock", "The American and Horseshoe Falls, from Prospect Point", "The American Rapids, From the bridge", "The American Falls, from Hog's Back", "Horse-Shoe Fall, From below the Tower", "Entrance to Cave of the Winds", "The Tower, from the Head of the Bridge", "The Hermit's Cascade", "The Suspension Bridge, From the Maid of the Mist", "Bank below the Whirlpool", "The Whirlpool, from the Canada side", "The American Fall by moonlight", "Winter view at Niagara".
    • Niagara - The Scene of Perilous Feats

      Dunlop, Orrin E. (1902)
      An article describing the many "perilous feats" performed at Niagara Falls. Some of the stunts/performers mentioned include: Hazlett and Sarah Allen, Steve Peere, Harry Colcord, Monsier Blondin, Maria Spelterina, Maud Willard, Signor Farine, Rowland McMullen, Signor Balleni, Harry Leslie, John Dixon, Clifford M. Alverley, James E. Hardy, J.F. Jenkins, Captain Joel Robinson, Martha Wagenfuhrer, Matthew Webb, Charles D. Graham, William Potts, W.J. Kendall, Charles A. Percy, Peter Nissen, S.J. Dickson, Robert William Flack, Walter G. Campbell, Mrs. Taylor.
    • Niagara as a Timepiece

      Spencer, J.W. (Appletons' Popular Science Monthly, May 1896, pp.1-20., 1896-05)
      The article discusses the history of Niagara Falls, including the narrative of Hennepin in 1697. Also mentioned are the methods of calculating the age of Niagara Falls, "All attempts at reducing geological time to solar years meet with great difficulties, yet Niagara Falls have been used as a chronometer as frequently as any other natural phenomenon, and indeed Niagara is perhaps the best measurer that we have. Andrew Ellicott (in 1790) divided the length of the gorge by the supposed rate of recession of the falls, and assigned fifty-five thousand years as the age of the cataract. Forty years later Bakewell reduced the time to twelve thousand years, and a few years afterward Lyell's estimate of thirty-six thousand years became popular and remained so until about fifteen years ago. This method of dividing the length of the chasm by the rate of recession was correct as far as it went, but even the rate was not then known."
    • Niagara at the Battle Front

      Showalter, William Joseph (1917)
      The article discusses the harnessing of the Falls for power, but also "the artificial abrasive industry. How much its success means to America cannot be overestimated. Take the grinding machinery out of the automobile factories, remove it from the munition plants, eliminate it from the locomotive works, car foundries, and machine shops of the country and you would paralyze the nation's whole industrial system. And that would have happened ere now had not Niagara's artificial abrasives stepped in to save the day when the war shut out our natural supply of emery and corundum from Asia Minor."