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dc.contributor.authorCameron, Chantal
dc.descriptionWilliam Lyon Mackenzie (1795-1861) was a politician and journalist who was a strong advocate for government reform in Upper Canada in the 1820s and 1830s. He was a vocal opponent of the Family Compact, a group of privileged and powerful men who dominated the government, business and religious institutions in Upper Canada from the early to mid-1800s. When peaceful attempts at government reform failed, Mackenzie organized a rebellion in 1837. The rebellion proved to be a failure and many of the reformers escaped to the United States. Mackenzie established a base on Navy Island with the intent of rallying support and resources for another rebellion, but this effort also failed.en_US
dc.description.abstractContains two proclamations concerning the Rebellion in Upper Canada in December 1837. The first proclamation was issued on December 7 by Sir Francis Bond Head, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada, offering a reward for the apprehension of William Lyon Mackenzie, David Gibson, Samuel Lount, Jesse Lloyd, and Silas Fletcher. He writes “in a time of profound peace, while every one was quietly following his occupations…a band of Rebels…has had the wickedness and audacity to assemble with Arms, and to attack and Murder the Queen’s Subjects on the Highway—to Burn and Destroy their Property—to Rob the Public Mails—and to threaten to Plunder the Banks—and to Fire the City of Toronto.” It is a reproduction. The second proclamation is by William Lyon Mackenzie, Chairman pro. tem. of the Provincial Government of the State of Upper Canada [to] the inhabitants of Upper Canada. The proclamation was issued after Mackenzie’s failed rebellion in December 1837. He fled to Buffalo and then occupied Navy Island with his supporters, where he issued this proclamation urging citizens to action. It is dated at Navy Island, December 13, 1837. Mackenzie writes that “For nearly fifty years our country languished under the blighting influence of military despots, strangers from Europe ruling us, not according to laws of our choice, but by the capricious dictates of their arbitrary power.” He tries to rally his supporters, stating “Militia-men of 1812! Will ye again rally round the standard of our tyrants! I can scarce believe it possible. Upper Canada Loyalists, what has been the recompense of your long tried and devoted attachment to England’s Aristocracy? Obloquy and contempt”.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries;RG 606
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universal*
dc.subjectCanada -- History -- Rebellion, 1837-1838 -- Sources.en_US
dc.titleProclamations by William Lyon Mackenzie and Sir Francis Bond Head, December 1837en_US

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