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AbstractHistoric sketch / map showing the southern section of the Niagara Peninsula. The sketch includes towns, creeks and roads. The purpose of this map was to indicate which roads were passable during each seasons, particularly in seasons where roads may be muddy. Sleigh roads, wagon roads, horse roads and foot paths are also labelled. The First Welland Canal can be seen beginning in Allanberg and ending in the south at Lake Erie. Mills, bridges, canals and main points of interest are labelled.
Handwritten text provides historical information about conditions of the roads in the winter season at that time: “All these roads are passable in the sleighing season excepting the Lake roads which is obstructed with ice and stranded timber for an extent rendering all previous labour bestowed (?), vain, so far as my present information extends. Excepting having down stumps, no labor is recommended as this season on the roads; breaking ground or laying on fresh only renders them of more capacity for mud in the main season-where there are swamps or holes. Timber logs might be laid, but to drain or form the surface, by brush or otherwise at this season is of no use.
The road from Cayuga Bridge to Canboro, all accounts represent as very bad, it is a new road and generally up to the girth in mud; holes of great depth 10 to 20 feet deep, are circumvented by the County people by pathes through the woods: horses are in (?) on it, one lately was shifted and died. – that from Cayuga down the river towards Dunnville and up thence towards the Tavern and Chippawa narrows in more usually taken. (Signed) R. I. Barou Major Royal Engineer Evan’s Tavern 13 Miles from Port Dover, 7th November 1838.” Second signature: “(A True Copy) F. A. Mackenzie Fraser Colonel Asst. Q. M. Genl.”
Authorship indicated: Richard John Barou, F.A. Mackenzie Fraser
Scale: [ca. 1:146,220]
Digital reproduction: Library and Archives Canada, National Map Collection: NMC-3007. Black and white paper reproduction is available in Brock University MDGL. Call Number: G 3462 N53 1838 B37
Described in: Mapping Upper Canada, 1780-1867 / Joan Winearls. 1991. Reference no.: 775.