Synthesis of 3', 5'-cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) analogues
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In the past few years, interest in signaling networks involving 3ʹ, 5ʹ -cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) has increased dramatically. Evidence started to emerge that connects c-di-GMP to the regulation of a range of biological processes in bacteria, such as bacterial biofilm formation, virulence, extracellular polysaccharide synthesis, however, much remains to be explored in the signaling pathways that involve this secondary messenger. This molecule has also been shown to be a very powerful immunostimulating agent and potent mucosal vaccine adjuvant.