Posttraumatic Growth: A Mediated-Moderation Model
MetadataShow full item record
The primary goal was to test a mediated-moderation model in which dispositional optimism was the moderator and its role was mediated by problem-focused coping. A secondary goal was to demonstrate that posttraumatic growth could be differentiated from maturation and normal development. Two groups of participants were recruited and completed questionnaires twice with a 60-day interval: One group (Trauma), described a traumatic experience and the second group (Non-trauma), described a significant experience. Contrary to the hypothesis, only problem-focused coping and deliberate rumination predicted posttraumatic growth, and these findings were only observed in concurrent analyses. Furthermore, the results indicated that there was no significant difference between groups on growth scores at either Time 1 or Time 2. The findings suggest that the term “posttraumatic growth” may refer to the context in which growth occurs rather than to some developmental process that uniquely follows trauma.