The Effects of a Psychosocial Behavioural Intervention on Arterial Health in Children
Johnson, Samantha C.
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This study evaluated the effects of a Leisure and Well-Being Model (LWM) psychosocial intervention on arterial health, measured by arterial stiffness and thickness, in 82 children aged 10-13 (n=41; intervention, n=41; control) over one year. The intervention was to provide children with the awareness, skill development, and application of positive emotion, personal strengths, coping, and free-time vitality. Results showed no change in arterial health for children exposed to the intervention compared to controls. However, a significant systolic blood pressure decrease was found in children exposed to the intervention and increased in those of the control group (F (1, 73) = 4.085, p = 0.047). This is the first study to show that a psychosocial intervention has a positive effect on childhood cardiovascular health within one year. Hence, if exposed for-or followed for- a longer period of time, it may be possible to see further improvements in arterial health.