Electrophysiology of Oculomotor Delayed Response Tasks: A Model for the Maturation of Visual-Spatial Working Memory Networks
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In the literature, persistent neural activity over frontal and parietal areas during the delay period of oculomotor delayed response (ODR) tasks has been interpreted as an active representation of task relevant information and response preparation. Following a recent ERP study (Tekok-Kilic, Tays, & Tkach, 2011 ) that reported task related slow wave differences over frontal and parietal sites during the delay periods of three ODR tasks, the present investigation explored developmental differences in young adults and adolescents during the same ODR tasks using 128-channel dense electrode array methodology and source localization. This exploratory study showed that neural functioning underlying visual-spatial WM differed between age groups in the Match condition. More specifically, this difference is localized anteriorly during the late delay period. Given the protracted maturation of the frontal lobes, the observed variation at the frontal site may indicate that adolescents and young adults may recruit frontal-parietal resources differently.