APPLICATION OF GEOMATICS TECHNOLOGIES TO CHARACTERIZE SPATIAL VARIABILITY AT STRATUS VINEYARDS
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Vineyards vary over space and time, making geomatics technologies ideally suited to study terroir. This study applied geomatics technologies - GPS, remote sensing and GIS - to characterize the spatial variability at Stratus Vineyards in the Niagara Region. The concept of spatial terroir was used to visualize, monitor and analyze the spatial and temporal variability of variables that influence grape quality. Spatial interpolation and spatial autocorrelation were used to measure the pattern demonstrated by soil moisture, leaf water potential, vine vigour, soil composition and grape composition on two Cabernet Franc blocks and one Chardonnay block. All variables demonstrated some spatial variability within and between the vineyard block and over time. Soil moisture exhibited the most significant spatial clustering and was temporally stable. Geomatics technologies provided valuable spatial information related to the natural spatial variability at Stratus Vineyards and can be used to inform and influence vineyard management decisions.