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dc.contributor.authorVan Belle, Lori
dc.date.accessioned2011-03-08T19:16:26Z
dc.date.available2011-03-08T19:16:26Z
dc.date.issued2011-03-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/3189
dc.description.abstractIridium complexes with bidentate P,N ligands represent a class of catalysts that significantly expand the application range of asymmetric hydrogenation. New substrate classes, for which there have previously been no suitable catalysts, can now be efficiently hydrogenated in high conversion and enantioselectivity. These substrates are often of synthetic importance, thus iridium catalysis represents a significant advance in the field of asymmetric catalysis. Planar chiral ferrocenyl aminophosphine ligands in which both heteroatoms were directly bound to the cyclopentadienyl ring were prepared by BF3-activated lithiationsubstitution in the presence of a chiral diamine in 49-59% yield and 75-85% enantiomeric excess. Some of these ligands were recrystallized to enantiomeric purity via ammonium fluoroborate salt formation of the phosphine sulfide. A crystal structure of one of these compounds was obtained and features an intramolecular hydrogen bond between the nitrogen, hydrogen, and sulfur atoms. Neutralization, followed by desulfurization, provided the free ligands in enantiomeric purity. Iridium complexes with these ligands were formed via reaction with [Ir(COD)Clh followed by anion exchange with NaBArF. These complexes were successfully applied in homogeneous hydrogenation of several prochiral substrates, providing products in up to 92% enantiomeric excess. Variation of the dimethyl amino group to a pyrrolidine group had a negative effect on the selectivity of hydrogenation. Variation of the substituents on phosphorus to bulkier ortho-tolyl groups had a positive effect, while variation to the more electron rich dicyclohexyl phosphine had a negative effect on selectivity.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBrock Universityen_US
dc.subjectFerroceneen_US
dc.subjectLigandsen_US
dc.subjectCatalysisen_US
dc.subjectIridium catalystsen_US
dc.titleAsymmetric hydrogenation of alkenes with cationic iridium(I) complexes of 2-phosphino-1-aminoferrocene ligandsen_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.degree.nameM.Sc. Chemistryen_US
dc.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Chemistryen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Mathematics and Scienceen_US


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