Left ventricular structure in children with developmental coordination disorder
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Developmental coordination disorder (p-DCD) is a neuro-developmental disorder featuring impairment in developing motor coordination. This study examined left ventricular mass (LVM) in children with p-DCD (n=63) and controls (n=63). LVM was measured using echocardiography. Body composition was determined using BOD POD and peak oxygen uptake (peak V02) was measured by a progressive exercise test. Height, weight and blood pressure were also measured. LVM was not significantly elevated in p-DCD compared to controls. Peak V02 was lower and SBP, BMI, HR, and BF(%) were significantly higher in p-DCD. They also demonstrated elevated stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), end-diastolic volume, and ventricular diameter in diastole. In regression analyses, p-DCD was a significant predictor of SV and CO after accounting for height, FFM, V02FFM, and sex. These differences in children with p-DCD indicate obesity related changes in the left ventricle and may represent early stages of developing hypertrophy of the left ventricle.