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Office of the City Clerk, St. Catharines Records, 1928-1974, n.d.

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dc.contributor.author Adams, Anne
dc.contributor.author Williams, Edie
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-28T21:27:21Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-28T21:27:21Z
dc.date.issued 2011-01-28
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10464/3135
dc.description The site of present-day St. Catharines was settled by 3000 United Empire Loyalists at the end of the 18th century. From 1790, the settlement (then known as "The Twelve") grew as an agricultural community. St. Catharines was once referred to Shipman's Corners after Paul Shipman, owner of a tavern that was an important stagecoach transfer point. In 1815, leading businessman William Hamilton Merritt abandoned his wharf at Queenston and set up another at Shipman's Corners. He became involved in the construction and operation of several lumber and gristmills along Twelve Mile Creek. Shipman's Corners soon became the principal milling site of the eastern Niagara Peninsula. At about the same time, Merritt began to develop the salt springs that were discovered along the river which subsequently gave the village a reputation as a health resort. By this time St. Catharines was the official name of the village; the origin of the name remains obscure, but is thought to be named after Catharine Askin Robertson Hamilton, wife of the Hon. Robert Hamilton, a prominent businessman. Merritt devised a canal scheme from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario that would provide a more reliable water supply for the mills while at the same time function as a canal. He formed the Welland Canal Company, and construction took place from 1824 to 1829. The canal and the mills made St. Catharines the most important industrial centre in Niagara. By 1845, St. Catharines was incorporated as a town, with the town limits extending in 1854. Administrative and political functions were added to St. Catharines in 1862 when it became the county seat of Lincoln. In 1871, construction began on the third Welland Canal, which attracted additional population to the town. As a consequence of continual growth, the town limits were again extended. St. Catharines attained city status in 1876 with its larger population and area. Manufacturing became increasingly important in St. Catharines in the early 1900s with the abundance of hydro-electric power, and its location on important land and water routes. The large increase in population after the 1900s was mainly due to the continued industrialization and urbanization of the northern part of the city and the related expansion of business activity. The fourth Welland Canal was opened in 1932 as the third canal could no longer accommodate the larger ships. The post war years and the automobile brought great change to the urban form of St. Catharines. St. Catharines began to spread its boundaries in all directions with land being added five times during the 1950s. The Town of Merritton, Village of Port Dalhousie and Grantham Township were all incorporated as part of St. Catharines in 1961. In 1970 the Province of Ontario implemented a regional approach to deal with such issues as planning, pollution, transportation and services. As a result, Louth Township on the west side of the city was amalgamated, extending the city's boundary to Fifteen Mile Creek. With its current population of 131,989, St. Catharines has become the dominant centre of the Niagara region. Source: City of St. Catharines website http://www.stcatharines.ca/en/governin/HistoryOfTheCity.asp (January 27, 2011) en_US
dc.description.abstract Correspondence, meeting minutes, membership lists, newsletters, biographies and organizational history. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ;RG 343
dc.subject Bald, Wilfred Rand, 1892-1982. en_US
dc.subject Bench, J. J. en_US
dc.subject Chaplin, James Dew, 1863-1937. en_US
dc.subject Hawley, Estelle Cuffe, 1893?-1995 en_US
dc.subject Avery, Frederick H. en_US
dc.subject Chown, Mackenzie Alan, 1921-1983 en_US
dc.subject Daley, Charles, 1890-1976 en_US
dc.subject Franklin, A.C. John, 1914-1972 en_US
dc.subject Lockhart, Norman James Alexander Macdonald, 1884-1974 en_US
dc.subject Macdonald, William John, 1875-1956 en_US
dc.subject McCordick, Frank Case, 1873-1946 en_US
dc.subject Robertson, Richard Menzies, 1902-1978 en_US
dc.subject Smith, John, 1894-1977 en_US
dc.subject Westwood, Walter James, 1865-1937 en_US
dc.subject Wright, John David, 1872-1948 en_US
dc.subject Elizabeth II, Queen of Great britain, 1926- -- Coronation en_US
dc.subject St. Catharines (Ont.) -- Clerk's Office en_US
dc.subject McKinnon Industries Ltd. en_US
dc.subject General Motors of Canada en_US
dc.subject Niagara, St. Catharines & Toronto Railway -- History en_US
dc.subject Packard Electric Company -- History en_US
dc.subject Lincoln Electric Light and Power Company en_US
dc.subject Guaranty Silk Dyeing and Finishing Company en_US
dc.subject Airports -- Ontario -- St. Catharines en_US
dc.subject Industries -- Ontario -- St. Catharines en_US
dc.subject Municipal government -- Ontario -- St. Catharines -- Sources en_US
dc.subject City planning -- Ontario -- Grantham (Township) en_US
dc.subject City planning -- Ontario -- Merritton en_US
dc.subject City planning -- Ontario -- St. Catharines en_US
dc.subject Cemeteries -- Ontario -- St. Catharines -- History en_US
dc.subject Bridges -- Ontario -- St. Catharines -- Glenridge Bridge en_US
dc.subject Queen Elizabeth Way (Ont.) -- History en_US
dc.subject Santatoriums -- Ontario -- Niagara Peninsula en_US
dc.subject Architects -- Ontario -- St. Catharines en_US
dc.subject Savings bonds -- Canada en_US
dc.subject Local elections -- Ontario -- St. Catharines en_US
dc.subject Monuments -- Ontario -- St. Catharines en_US
dc.subject Automobile industry workers -- Labor unions -- Ontario -- St. Catharines en_US
dc.subject Street names -- Ontario -- St. Catharines -- History en_US
dc.subject Welland Canal (Ont.) -- History en_US
dc.subject Grantham (Ont. : Township) -- History en_US
dc.subject Merritton (Ont.) -- History en_US
dc.subject Port Dalhousie (Ont.) -- History en_US
dc.subject St. Catharines (Ont.) -- History -- Sources en_US
dc.subject World War, 1914-1918 -- Monuments -- Ontario -- St. Catharines en_US
dc.subject World War, 1939-1945 -- Monuments -- Ontario -- St. Catharines en_US
dc.subject George VI, King of Great Britain, 1895-1952 -- Coronation en_US
dc.subject Niagara Grape and Wine Festival -- History -- Sources en_US
dc.title Office of the City Clerk, St. Catharines Records, 1928-1974, n.d. en_US
dc.type Other en_US


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