Digital Repository

Gas chromatographic electron capture negative ionization mass spectrometric (GC/ECNI/MS) determination of unique fluorinated compounds in the sediments of Lake Ontario and the effect of high-boiling alcohols (as injection solvents) on chromatographic behaviour of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in gas chromatography

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Zielinski-Lawrence, Rosalie Krystyna. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-01-28T15:55:28Z
dc.date.available 2010-01-28T15:55:28Z
dc.date.issued 2009-01-28T15:55:28Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10464/2872
dc.description.abstract Part I - Fluorinated Compounds A method has been developed for the extraction, concentration, and determination of two unique fluorinated compounds from the sediments of Lake Ontario. These compounds originated from a common industrial landfill, and have been carried to Lake Ontario by the Niagara River. Sediment samples from the Mississauga basin of Lake Ontario have been evaluated for these compounds and a depositional trend was established. The sediments were extracted by accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) and then underwent clean-up, fractionation, solvent exchange, and were concentrated by reduction under nitrogen gas. The concentrated extracts were analyzed by gas chromatography - electron capture negative ionization - mass spectrometry. The depositional profile determined here is reflective of the operation of the landfill and shows that these compounds are still found at concentrations well above background levels. These increased levels have been attributed to physical disturbances of previously deposited contaminated sediments, and probable continued leaching from the dumpsite. Part II - Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry is the most common method for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from various matrices. Mass discrimination of high-boiling compounds in gas chromatographic methods is well known. The use of high-boiling injection solvents shows substantial increase in the response of late-eluting peaks. These solvents have an increased efficiently in the transfer of solutes from the injector to the analytical column. The effect of I-butanol, I-pentanol, cyclopentanol, I-hexanol, toluene and n-octane, as injection solvents, was studied. Higher-boiling solvents yield increased response for all PAHs. I -Hexanol is the best solvent, in terms of P AH response, but in this solvent P AHs were more susceptible to chromatographic problems such as peak splitting and tailing. Toluene was found to be the most forgiving solvent in terms of peak symmetry and response. It offered the smallest discrepancies in response, and symmetry over a wide range of initial column temperatures. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Brock University en_US
dc.subject Gas chromatography. en_US
dc.subject Fluorine compounds--Spectra. en_US
dc.subject Contaminated sediments--Ontario, Lake (N.Y. and Ont.) en_US
dc.subject Alcohols. en_US
dc.subject Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons--Spectra. en_US
dc.title Gas chromatographic electron capture negative ionization mass spectrometric (GC/ECNI/MS) determination of unique fluorinated compounds in the sediments of Lake Ontario and the effect of high-boiling alcohols (as injection solvents) on chromatographic behaviour of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in gas chromatography en_US
dc.type Electronic Thesis or Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name M.Sc. Chemistry en_US
dc.degree.level Masters en_US
dc.contributor.department Department of Chemistry en_US
dc.degree.discipline Faculty of Mathematics and Science en_US


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search The Repository


Browse

My Account

Statistics


About the Digital Repository