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Taenia solium transmission in a rural community in Honduras : an examination of risk factors and knowledge

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dc.contributor.author Pang, Haiyan. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-11-04T14:55:03Z
dc.date.available 2009-11-04T14:55:03Z
dc.date.issued 2004-11-04T14:55:03Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10464/2788
dc.description.abstract Taenia soliurn taeniasis and cysticercosis are recognized as a major public health problem in Latin America. T. soliurn transmission not only affects the health of the individual, but also social and economic development, perpetuating the cycle of poverty. To determine prevalence rates, population knowledge and risk factors associated with transmission, an epidemiological study was undertaken in the rural community of Jalaca. Two standardized questionnaires were used to collect epidemiological and T. soli urn general knowledge data. Kato-Katz technique and an immunoblot assay (EITB) were used to determine taeniasis and seroprevalence, respectively. In total, 139 individuals belonging to 56 households participated in the study. Household characteristics were consistent with conditions of poverty of rural Honduras: 21.4% had no toilet or latrines, 19.6% had earthen floor, and 51.8% lacked indoor tap water. Pigs were raised in 46.4% of households, of which 70% allowed their pigs roaming freely. A human seroprevalence rate of 18.7% and a taeniasis prevalence rate of 2.4% were found. Only four persons answered correctly 2: 6 out of ten T. soliurn knowledge questions, for an average passing score of 2.9%. In general, a serious gap exists in knowledge regarding how humans acquire the infections, especially neurocysticercosis was identified. After regression analysis, the ability to recognize adult tapeworms and awareness of the clinical importance of taeniasis, were found to be significant risk factors for T. soliurn seropositivity. These results demonstrate a high level of transmission and a low level of kn~,wledge about Taenia soliurn in Jalaca. Consequently, intervention measures integrated with health education are necessary to decrease the burden caused by this parasite. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Brock University en_US
dc.subject Taenia--Transmission--Honduras en_US
dc.subject Cysticercosis--Transmission--Honduras. en_US
dc.subject Cestode diseases--Transmission--Honduras. en_US
dc.title Taenia solium transmission in a rural community in Honduras : an examination of risk factors and knowledge en_US
dc.type Electronic Thesis or Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name M.Sc. Applied Health Sciences en_US
dc.degree.level Masters en_US
dc.contributor.department Applied Health Sciences Program en_US
dc.degree.discipline Faculty of Applied Health Sciences en_US


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