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Reactions of various aromatic nitro-compounds and anthraquinones with selected bases and nucleophiles

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dc.contributor.author Kaldas, Magdy Labib. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-10-02T13:20:18Z
dc.date.available 2009-10-02T13:20:18Z
dc.date.issued 1974-10-02T13:20:18Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10464/2762
dc.description.abstract The Introducti on deals mainly with hi storical studies on aryne chemi stry and ring closure via arynes , hydride replacement from aromatic rings by nucleophi les, c l eavage of anthr aquinones in basic medium and the Leuckart reaction . This work can be divided into two main s ect i ons. Section I is concerned with the investigation of t he reaction of some aromatic ni t ro-compounds with potassamide in l iquid ammonia. 3-Amino-4- nitrobenzophenone was obtained from the reacti on of 4-nitrobenzophenone with t his reagent, toge t her with benzoic acid formed in a competing Haller-Bauer reaction. Nitrobenzene under these conditions gave a complex mixture from which 2-phenylphenol was isolated; a reaction i nvolving benzyne may be i nvo l ved. 4-Nitrodiphenyl sulfone gave 4-aminodiphenyl sulfone and 4-nitroani l ine. 4-Ethoxydiphenyl sulfone and 4-ethoxynitrobenzene were isolated when ethanol was used as a co-solvent in the reaction. Oxidative coupling reactions were observed with nitrotoluenes. 4-Nitrotoluene gave 4,4t-dinitrobibenzyl which i n a pro longed reaction gave 4,4t-dinitros t ilbene . 2-Nitrotoluene gave 2 , 2 t-dinitrobibenzyl, but not the corresponding stilbene derivative even after a longer time . A rather i nteresting result was obtained with 1-nitro-2,4,6- trimethylbenzene which gave a stilbene derivative only. Also the corresponding stilbene was obtained from bis-(4-nitrophenyl)-methane in a rather slow r eaction with this reagent . Section II deals wi th (i) the preparation of 5-chloro- 1-N-methyl aminoanthraquinone and a new synthesis of N-methyl acridones and (ii) treatment of chloro-anthraquinones with fo rmamide and a new synthesis of chloro-anthracenes . 5-Chloro-1 -N-methylaminoanthraqui none was synthesised f rom 1,5-dichloroanthraquinone by treatment with N-methylformamide. Treatment of 5-chloro-1-N-methylaminoanthraquinone with potassamide in liquid ammonia or with potassium t-butoxide i n t-butylbenzene gave N-methylacridone-1-carboxylic acid. This pleasing result, t he outcome of r i ng opening and alter native ring closure, is being extended to related ring systems. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Brock University en_US
dc.subject Nitro compounds. en_US
dc.subject Aromatic compounds. en_US
dc.subject Substitution reactions. en_US
dc.subject Quinone. en_US
dc.title Reactions of various aromatic nitro-compounds and anthraquinones with selected bases and nucleophiles en_US
dc.type Electronic Thesis or Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name M.Sc. Chemistry en_US
dc.degree.level Masters en_US
dc.contributor.department Department of Chemistry en_US
dc.degree.discipline Faculty of Mathematics and Science en_US


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