A29 NMR spin-lattice relaxation study of paramagnetics -doped orthosilictes
Sliwinski, David R.
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A ~si MAS NMR study of spin-lattice relaxation behaviour in paramagnetic-doped crystalline silicates was undertaken, using synthetic magnesium orthosilicate (forsterite) and synthetic zinc orthosilicate (willemite) doped with 0.1% to 20% of Co(II), Ni(II), or CU(II), as experimental systems. All of the samples studied exhibited a longitudinal magnetization return to the Boltzmann distribution of nuclear spin states which followed a stretched-exponential function of time: Y=exp [- (tjTn) n], O<n<l For the most reliable experimental data, there is a bias toward n=O.Sj the few genuine cases of deviation from 1/2power are for dopant concentrations equal to or exceeding 2.5 percent dopant. In some cases we find agreement with theory, and observe a direct proportionality between the spin-lattice relaxation time and paramagnetic dopant ion concentration, with Tni[M2+]i=Tnj[M2+]j for a given dopant and mineral. There are many cases where this correlation is not apparent, however, and this is attributed to the structural, phase, and ion distribution complexities inherent in many of these systems.