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dc.contributor.authorBoampong, Charles.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-07-09T18:38:40Z
dc.date.available2009-07-09T18:38:40Z
dc.date.issued1983-07-09T18:38:40Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/1919
dc.description.abstractImprovements have been made on the currently available hydride generator system manufactured by SpectraMetrics Incorporated, because the system was found to be unsatisfactory with respect to the following: 1. the drying agent, anhydrous calcium chloride, 2. the special sample tube, 3. the direction of argon flow through the Buchner funnel when it came to dealing with real sample, that is, with reference only to aqueous extracts of soil samples. Changes that were made on the system included the replacement of anhydrous calcium chloride with anhydrous calcium sulphate and the replacement of the special sample tube with a modified one made from silica. Re-directing the flow of argon through the top of the Buchner funnel appeared to make the system compatible with aqueous extracts of soil samples. The interferences from 1000 ~g/mL of nickel(II) , cobalt(II), iron(III), copper(II) have been eliminated with the aid of 1.4 M hydrochloric acid and 1% (weight/volume) L-cystine. Greater than 90% recovery of 0.3 ~g/mL arsenic signal was achieved in each case. Furthermore, 103% of arsenic signal was accomplished in the presence of 1000 ~g/mL cadmium with 5 M Hel. tVhen each of the interferents was present in solution at 1000 ppm, a recovery of 85% was achieved by using 5 M hydrochloric acid and 3% (weight/volume) L-cystine. Without L-cystine and when 1.4 M hydrochloric acid was used, the recoveries were 0% (Ni), 0% (Co), 88% (Fe), 15% (Cu), 18% (Cd). Similarly, a solution containing 1000 ppm of each interferent gave a zero percent recovery of arsenic. The reduction of trivalent and pentavalent arsenic at a pH less than one has also been investigated and shown to be quantitative if peak areas are measured. The reproducibility determination of a 0.3 Vg/mL standard arsenic solution by hydride generation shows a relative standard deviation of 3.4%. The detection limits with and without Porapak Q have been found to be 0.6 ng/mL and 1.0 ng/mL, respectively.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBrock Universityen_US
dc.subjectArsenic.en_US
dc.subjectArsenic--Spectra.en_US
dc.subjectSpectrometer.en_US
dc.subjectPlasma radiation.en_US
dc.titleInvestigation into the determination of arsenic by direct current plasma atomic emission spectrometeren_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.degree.nameM.Sc. Chemistryen_US
dc.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Chemistryen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Mathematics and Scienceen_US


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