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The kinetics and induced decomposition on the thermal decomposition of hydroperoxides /

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dc.contributor.author Tse, K. M. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-06-09T18:16:25Z
dc.date.available 2009-06-09T18:16:25Z
dc.date.issued 1976-06-09T18:16:25Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10464/1565
dc.description.abstract This project is focussed on the thermsLl decomposition of t-butyl hydroperoxide and sec-butyl hydroperoxide at 120°C to 160°C in three alcohol solvents. These are methanol, ethajiol and isopropyl alcohol. The aim of the project was to examine the process of induced decomposition. Thermal decomposition of t-hutyl hydroperoxide and sec-butyl hydroperoxide indicate that these reactions have first-order kinetics with activation energies on the order of 20 to 28 K cal/mole, Styrene was used as a free radical trap to inhibit the induced decomposition. The results permitted calculation of how much induced decomposition occurred in its absence. The experimental resvilts indicate that the induced decomposition is important for t-butyl hydroperoxide in alcohol solvents, as shown by both the reaction rate suid product studies. But sec-butyl hydroperoxide results show that the concerted mechanism for the interaction of two sec-butylperoxy radicals occurs in addition to the induced decomposition. Di-sodium E.D,T.A. was added to reduce possible effects of trace transition metal ion .impurities. The result of this experiment were not as expected. The rate of hydroperoxide decomposition was about the same but was zero-order in hydroperoxide concentration. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Brock University en_US
dc.subject Decomposition (Chemistry) en_US
dc.subject Hydrogen peroxide. en_US
dc.title The kinetics and induced decomposition on the thermal decomposition of hydroperoxides / en_US
dc.type Electronic Thesis or Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name M.Sc. Chemistry en_US
dc.degree.level Masters en_US
dc.contributor.department Department of Chemistry en_US
dc.degree.discipline Faculty of Mathematics and Science en_US


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