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dc.contributor.authorPrager, Sean Michael.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-05-28T16:39:36Z
dc.date.available2009-05-28T16:39:36Z
dc.date.issued2008-05-28T16:39:36Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/1450
dc.description.abstractLarge carpenter bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Xylocopa) have traditionally been thought of as exhibiting solitary or occasionally communal colony social organization. However, studies have demonstrated more complex fonns of social behaviour in this genus. In this document, I examine elements ofbehaviour and life history in a North American species at the northern extreme of its range. Xylocopa virginica was found to be socially polymorphic with both solitary and meta-social or semi-social nests in the same population. In social nests, there is no apparent benefit from additional females which do not perfonn significant work or guarding. I found that the timing of life-history events varies between years, yet foraging effort only differed in the coldest and wettest year of2004 the study. Finally, I that male X virginica exhibit female defence polygyny, with resident and satellite males. Resident males maintain their territories through greater aggression relative to satellites.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherBrock Universityen_US
dc.subjectXylocopa--Behavior.en_US
dc.titleBehaviour and life history of a large carpenter bee (Xylocopa virginica) in the northern extent of its rangeen_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesis or Dissertationen_US
dc.degree.namePh.D. Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.degree.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.degree.disciplineFaculty of Mathematics and Scienceen_US


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