The Acculturation Process and Strategies of First-Generation Chinese Students in Canadian Higher Education
The acculturation attitudes, processes, and strategies of international students in the transitioning stage (i.e., between temporary residents with a study permit and landed immigrants) serve as key predictors of their acculturation experiences in the future. This paper reviewed and drew from the leading theories and previous empirical studies. In-depth interviews were conducted to examine the predominant stressors, attitudes, and strategies in the acculturation processes among 6 first-generation Chinese students with specific emphases on their multiple identities within the context of heterogeneity in Canada, and students’ appraisal of the acculturation strategy adopted by the larger society. The findings revealed 4 major aspects: pre-acculturation moderating factors, acculturation attitudes and strategies, identity formation within the multicultural context, and individuals’ appraisal of policies and practices at all levels. The results of this study may provide implications for university programs and counseling services to improve the retention and well-being of international students.