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dc.contributor.authorPrince, Tyler
dc.contributor.authorPisaric, Michael
dc.contributor.authorTurner, Kevin
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-19T17:13:21Z
dc.date.available2018-12-19T17:13:21Z
dc.date.issued2018-12-19
dc.identifier.issn2296-701X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10464/13860
dc.description.abstractPrevious research suggests climate warming during the current century is likely to lead to an increase in the frequency and severity of wildfire. Recent wildfire seasons in northern Canada generally support these studies, with some of the worst fire seasons on record occurring during the past decade. While we can readily track the spatial and temporal distribution of these events during recent decades using satellite-derived data, these records of past fire activity are relatively short. Proxy records of past fire activity are needed to fully understand how fire regimes may be shifting in response to changing climatic conditions. A high-resolution fire record for the full Holocene was developed using a 539.5-cm sediment core collected from a small lake in southwest Yukon Territory, Canada. Macroscopic charcoal was counted throughout the core at contiguous 0.5-cm intervals. The core was also analyzed for loss-on-ignition and magnetic susceptibility. Fossil pollen preserved in the lake sediment was analyzed to determine vegetation change throughout the Holocene. Macroscopic charcoal analysis indicates an active fire history throughout the record, with 91 fires recorded during the Holocene. Results suggest the fire regime in this region responds to both top-down (climate) and bottom-up (vegetation) factors. Fire return intervals changed in response to shifts in precipitation and temperature as well as the expansion of lodgepole pine into the region. The shifts in precipitation and temperature were attributed to the oscillation of the Aleutian Low pressure system and fluctuations in climate associated with the Medieval Climate Anomaly and the Little Ice Age.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding was provided by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada Discovery and Discovery Northern Supplements programs to MFJP and KT, the Northern Scientific Training Program (NSTP) of Polar Knowledge Canada to TP,Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS) and Brock University Research Fellowship to TP.We acknowledge and thank the Brock University Library Open Access Publishing Fund for financial support.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherFrontiers in Ecology and Evolutionen_US
dc.subjectwildfireen_US
dc.subjectcharcoalen_US
dc.subjectYukonen_US
dc.subjectpaleoecologyen_US
dc.subjectclimate changeen_US
dc.subjectHoloceneen_US
dc.subjectlake sedimenten_US
dc.titlePostglacial Reconstruction of Fire History Using Sedimentary Charcoal and Pollen From a Small Lake in Southwest Yukon Territory, Canadaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fevo.2018.00209


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