Identifying Antisocial Youth Through Broad and Specific Measures of Personality
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Although antisocial and psychopathic traits have been linked to predatory and violent types of juvenile offending, much of what is known about these traits stems from adult-centered research. Identifying antisocial youth with reliable tools early in development could improve the prognosis of interventions. With a community sample of adolescents (N = 396, Mage = 14.64, SD = 1.52, ngirls = 230, 58%, nboys = 164, 42%), the HEXACO-PIR accounted for 57% of the variance in the APSD-YV. Lower ratings of Honesty- Humility, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness were associated with higher ratings of psychopathy, F(18, 956.49) = 18.347, p < .001, Wilk’s λ = .432. The HEXACO-PI-R was associated with a range of antisocial outcomes, including lower intensity antisocial beliefs and attitudes, however, the APSD-YV had stronger associations with higher intensity antisocial behaviours. Findings suggest that the assessment of youth antisociality may benefit from the inclusion of both broad and specific measures of personality.