|dc.description.abstract||Objective. Physical activity is important for the health of all human beings.
Although it is important to develop good health promotion programs for children to
increase participation in physical activity, to date there appear to be no programs based
on what kids value beyond health and physical activity itself. This study proposed to
create a scale with strong content and face validity that could uncover what any given
population of children value in life regardless of their participation in physical activity
and that experts feel could be related to physical activity. These findings will allow the
development of targeted health promotion programs to increase children's participation in
regular physical activity.
Method In this study, a combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches
was used. Data were gathered from seven experts in the field, sixty-seven children in
grades three to five, five parents, and three teachers. From these data response groupings
were created and sent to four experts to be given single word names. The resulting nine
theme names were re-worked into "child-friendly" language. Four children were then
asked to discuss theme names to see if they liked and understood them. The next step
involved asking children and experts to rank order the nine themes, the children in
general and the experts in terms of relevance to physical activity. From these results,
possible versions of the scale were then created using the combined expert/children
rankings. Each version was examined for content validity. Two versions of a scale
resulted. These were sent to experts, parents, teachers and children in order to determine
which one they liked better and to suggest any foreseeable problems. Once this
information was collected, a beta (final prototype) version of the scale was created.
Results. Nine common theme names were created from the response groupings.
All four children agreed that they did understand and like each of the nine theme names.
Experts and teachers agreed that full coverage of the content had been achieved.
Children suggested a single wording change from "Being Accepted" to "Being Included".
Five themes were selected for inclusion. The beta version of the scale included 12 forced
choice statements, the first ten comparing all themes against one another followed by two
Conclusion. At the outset it was recognized that it is essential to know what
children think is important in their lives in order to serve as potential benefits in the
development of effective physical activity promotion programs. This study developed a
scale which could be used to determine what a population of children feel is important in
order to focus health promotion programs for physical activity. The scale has strong face
and content validity.||en_US