|dc.description.abstract||The study centers on the power of Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA) and Social
Dominance Orientation (SDO) as predictors of prejudice against stereotypical and nonstereotypical
homosexuals under the threat of death and the threat of uncertainty.
Right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) is an individual difference variable that
measures the tendency for individuals to unquestionably follow those perceived to be
authorities. Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) is an individual difference variable that
measures the degree to which an individual prefers inequality among social groups. The
RWA and SDO Scales are considered to be two of the strongest predictors of prejudice, such
as prejudice against homosexuals. The study focuses on the unique predictive power of these
two variables in predicting prejudice against homosexuals.
The study also examines the role of situational threat in prejudice, specifically the
threat of death (mortality salience) and the threat of uncertainty (uncertainty salience).
Competing predictions from theories involving the threat of death (Terror Management
Theory) and the threat of uncertainty (Uncertainty Management Theory) are also tested. The
preference for expected information in the form of stereotypes concerning male homosexuals
(that is, a stereotypical or non-stereotypical homosexual) were tested.
The difference between the predictive power ofRWA and SDO was examined by
measuring how these variables predict liking of a stereotypical or non-stereotypical
homosexual under the threat of death, the threat of uncertainty, or a control condition. Along
with completing a measure for RWA and a measure for SDO, participants were asked to
think of their own death, of their being uncertain or about watching television then were
asked to read about a week in the life of either a stereotypical or non-stereotypical male
homosexual. Participants were then asked to evaluate the individual and his essay.
Based on the participants' evaluations, results from 180 heterosexual university
students show that RWA and SDO are strong predictors for disliking of a stereotypical
homosexual under the threat of uncertainty and disliking of a non-stereotypical homosexual
under the threat of death. Furthermore, however, results show that RWA is a particularly
strong predictor of disliking of a stereotypical homosexual under the threat of uncertainty,
whereas SDO is an exceptionally strong predictor of disliking of the non-stereotypical
homosexual under the threat of death. This further adds to the notion that RWA and SDO are
indeed unique predictors of prejudice. Implications are also explored, including the fact that
the study simuhaneously examined the role of individual difference variables and situational
threat variables, as well as exploratory analysis on Dominating Authoritarians.||en_US